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This word, derived from the French lecher, is nearly synonymous with negligence.
2. In general, when a party has been guilty of laches in enforcing his right by great delay and lapse of time, this circumstance will at common law prejudice, and sometimes operate in bar of a remedy which it is discretionary and not compulsory in the court to afford. In courts of equity, also delay will generally prejudice. 1 Chit. Pr. 786, and the cases there cited; 8 Com. Dig. 684; 6 Johns. Ch. R. 360.
3. But laches may be excused from, ignorance of the party’s rights; 2 Mer. R. 362; 2 Ball & Beat. 104; from the obscurity of the transaction; 2 Sch. & Lef. 487; by the pendancy of a suit; 1 Sch. & Lef. 413; and where the party labors under a legal disability, as insanity, coverture, infancy, and the like. And no laches can be imputed to the public. 4 Mass. Rep. 522; 3 Serg. & Rawle, 291; 4 Hen. & Munf. 57; 1 Penna. R. 476. Vide 1 Supp. to Ves. Jr. 436; 2 Id. 170; Dane’s Ab. Index, h.t.; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3911.
A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
laches n. the legal doctrine that a legal right or claim will not be enforced or allowed if a long delay in asserting the right or claim has prejudiced the adverse party (hurt the opponent) as a sort of "legal ambush." Examples: knowing the correct property line, Oliver Owner fails to bring a lawsuit to establish title to a portion of real estate until Nat Neighbor has built a house which encroaches on the property in which Owner has title; Tommy Traveler learns that his father has died, but waits four years to come forward until the entire estate has been distributed on the belief that Tommy was dead; Susan Smart has a legitimate claim against her old firm for sexual harassment, but waits three years to come forward and file a lawsuit, after the employee who caused the problem has died, and the witnesses have all left the company and scattered around the country. The defense of laches is often raised in the list of "affirmative defenses" in answers filed by defendants, but is seldom applied by the courts. Laches is not to be confused with the "statute of limitations" which sets specific periods to file a lawsuit for types of claims (negligence, breach of contract, fraud, etc.).
Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.
A defense to an equitable action, that bars recovery by the plaintiff because of the plaintiff’s undue delay in seeking relief.
Laches is a defense to a proceeding in which a plaintiff seeks equitable relief. Cases in Equity are distinguished from cases at law by the type of remedy, or judicial relief, sought by the plaintiff. Generally, law cases involve a problem that can be solved by the payment of monetary damages. Equity cases involve remedies directed by the court against a party.
Types of equitable relief include Injunction, where the court orders a party to do or not to do something; declaratory relief, where the court declares the rights of the two parties to a controversy; and accounting, where the court orders a detailed written statement of money owed, paid, and held. Courts have complete discretion in equity, and weigh equitable principles against the facts of the case to determine whether relief is warranted.
The rules of equity are built on a series of legal maxims, which serve as broad statements of principle, the truth and reasonableness of which are self-evident. The basis of equity is contained in the Maxim "Equity will not suffer an injustice." Other maxims present reasons for not granting equitable relief. Laches is one such defense.
Laches is based on the legal maxim "Equity aids the vigilant, not those who slumber on their rights." Laches recognizes that a party to an action can lose evidence, witnesses, and a fair chance to defend himself or herself after the passage of time from the date the wrong was committed. If the defendant can show disadvantages because for a long time he or she relied on the fact that no lawsuit would be started, then the case should be dismissed in the interests of justice.
The law encourages a speedy resolution for every dispute. Cases in law are governed by statutes of limitations, which are laws that determine how long a person has to file a lawsuit before the right to sue expires. Different types of injuries (e.g., tort and contract) have different time periods in which to file a lawsuit. Laches is the equitable equivalent of statutes of limitations. However, unlike statutes of limitations, laches leaves it up to the court to determine, based on the unique facts of the case, whether a plaintiff has waited too long to seek relief.
Real estate boundary disputes are resolved in equity and may involve laches. For instance, if a person starts to build a garage that extends beyond the boundary line and into a neighbor’s property, and the neighbor immediately files a suit in equity and asks the court to issue an injunction to stop the construction, the neighbor will likely prevail. On the other hand, if the neighbor observes the construction of the garage on her property and does not file suit until the garage is completed, the defendant may plead laches, arguing that the neighbor had ample time to protect her property rights before the construction was completed, and the court may find it unfair to order that the garage be torn down.
The laches defense, like most of equity law, is a general concept containing many variations on the maxim. Phrases used to describe laches include "delay that works to the disadvantage of another," "inexcusable delay coupled with prejudice to the party raising the defense," "failure to assert rights," "lack of diligence," and "neglect or omission to assert a right."
West’s Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Nullify – Nullification?
verb abolish, abrogate, ad inritum redigere, annul, cancel, cast aside, counteract, countermand, declare null and void, deprive of efficacy, deprive of legal force, disannul, dissolve, invalidate, make useless, make valueless, make void, negate, neutralize, obliterate, offset, override, overrule, overturn, quash, recall, recant, render invalid, renege, repeal, repudiate, rescind, retract, reverse, revoke, suspend, vacate, vitiate, void
See also: abate, abolish, abrogate, adeem, alleviate, annul, balk, cancel, contravene, counteract, defeat, destroy, disable, disavow, discharge, disinherit, disown, disprove, dissolve, eliminate, eradicate, expunge, extinguish, extirpate, frustrate, invalidate, kill, negate, neutralize, obliterate, override, overrule, overthrow, quash, recall, recant, renege, repeal, repudiate, rescind, revoke, supersede, terminate, vacate, vitiate, void, withdraw
A sanctioned doctrine of trial proceedings wherein members of a jury disregard either the evidence presented or the instructions of the judge in order to reach a verdict based upon their own consciences. It espouses the concept that jurors should be the judges of both law and fact.
The traditional approach in U.S. court systems is for jurors to be the "triers of fact," while the judge is considered the interpreter of law and the one who will instruct the jury on the applicable law. Jury nullification occurs when a jury substitutes its own interpretation of the law and/or disregards the law entirely in reaching a verdict. The most widely accepted understanding of jury nullification by the courts is one that acknowledges the power but not the right of a juror or jury to nullify the law. Jury nullification is most often, although rarely, exercised in criminal trials but technically is applicable to civil trials as well, where it is subject to civil procedural remedies such as the Judgment Notwithstanding the Verdict.
In criminal cases, however, the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution makes final a jury trial that results in an acquittal, and it guarantees freedom from Double Jeopardy. This gives juries an inherent power to follow their own consciences in reaching a verdict, notwithstanding jury instructions or charges to the contrary.
v. to annul or set aside. In law, a motion to quash asks the judge for an order setting aside or nullifying an action, such as "quashing" service of a summons when the wrong person was served.
To abrogate, annul, avoid, or cancel a contract; particularly, nullifying a contract by the act of a party. See Powell v. Linde Co., 29 Misc. Rep. 419, GO N. Y. Supp. 1044 ; Ilurst v. Trow Printing Co., 2 Misc. Rep. 3G1, 22 N. Y. Supp. 371.
(Black’s Law Dictionary)
Degree of unreasonableness and unfairness of a contract or deal prompting a court to modify or nullify it.
Legal principle where a court will modify or nullify conditions of contract placing one party at the other’s mercy.
That which is null and completely without legal force or binding effect.
The term void has a precise meaning that has sometimes been confused with the more liberal term voidable. Something that is voidable may be avoided or declared void by one or more of the parties, but such an agreement is not void per se.
A void contract is not a contract at all because the parties are not, and cannot be, bound by its terms. Therefore, no action can be maintained for breach of a void contract, and it cannot be made valid by ratification. Because it is nugatory, a void contract need not be rescinded or otherwise declared invalid in a court of law.
A void marriage is one that is invalid from its inception. In contrast to a voidable marriage, the parties to a void marriage may not ratify the union by living together as Husband and Wife. No Divorce or Annulment is required. Nevertheless, parties frequently do seek, and are permitted to seek, such a decree in order to remove any doubt about the validity of the marriage. Unlike a voidable marriage, a void marriage can be challenged even after the death of one or both parties.
In most jurisdictions a bigamous marriage, one involving a person who has a living spouse from an undissolved prior marriage, is void from the outset. In addition, statutes typically prohibit marriage between an ancestor and descendant; between a brother and a sister (whether related by whole blood, half blood, or Adoption); and between an uncle and niece or aunt and nephew.
A judgment entered by a court is void if a court lacks jurisdiction over the parties or subject matter of a lawsuit. A void judgment may be entirely disregarded without a judicial declaration that the judgment is void and differs from an erroneous, irregular, or voidable judgment. In practice, however, an attack on a void judgment is commonly used to make the judgment’s flaw a matter of public record.
A law is considered void on its face if its meaning is so vague that persons of ordinary intelligence must guess at its meaning and may differ as to the statute’s application (Connally v. General Construction Co., 269 U.S. 385, 46 S. Ct. 126, 70 L. Ed. 2d 322 ). due process requires that citizens receive fair notice of what sort of conduct to avoid. For example, a Cincinnati, Ohio, city ordinance made it a criminal offense for three or more persons to assemble on a sidewalk and conduct themselves in a manner that was annoying to passersby. A conviction carried the possibility of a $50 fine and between one and thirty days imprisonment. The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the convictions of several persons found guilty of violating the ordinance after a demonstration and picketing (Coates v. Cincinnati, 402 U.S. 611, 91 S. Ct. 1686, 29 L. Ed. 2d 214 ). The Court ruled that the ordinance was unconstitutionally vague because it subjected citizens to an unascertainable standard. Stating that "conduct that annoys some people does not annoy others," the Court said that the ordinance left citizens to guess at the proper conduct required. The Court noted that the city could lawfully prohibit persons from blocking the sidewalks, littering, obstructing traffic, committing assaults, or engaging in other types of undesirable behavior through "ordinances directed with reasonable specificity toward the conduct to be prohibited."
in a Finance Dictionary
1. To nullify a contract by means of mutual agreement. 2. To officially abolish a law.
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Maxim of law?
MAXIM of law - Government can only control what it creates. (The power which is derived cannot be greater than that from which it is derived.)
Nature and Natures God is the law and is what gives life to man and his "Rulers" and no legislative rule of a society can prohibit the very thing that gives it life. Legislative "rules" only have force of law, and no rule can take from the very law that gives it force.
U.S. Constitution, Article Six, Clause 2: (The Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution)
“This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.”
16Am Jur 2d., Const. Law Sec. 256:
“The general rule is that a unconstitutional statute, whether Federal or State, though having the form and name of law as in reality no law, but is wholly void and ineffective for any purpose since unconstitutionality dates from the enactment and not merrily from the date of the decision so braining it. An unconstitutional law in legal contemplation is as inoperative as if it never had been passed. Such a statute lives a question that is purports to settle just as it would be had the statute not ever been enacted. No repeal of an enactment is necessary, since an unconstitutional law is void. The general principles follows that it imposes no duty, converse no rights, creates no office, bestows no power of authority on anyone, affords no protection and justifies no acts performed under it. A contract which rests on a unconstitutional statute creates no obligation to be impaired by subsequent legislation. No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law. No courts are bound to enforce it. Persons convicted and fined under a statute subsequently held unconstitutional may recover the fines paid. A void act cannot be legally inconsistent with a valid one and an unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede an existing valid law. Indeed, in so far as a statute runs counter to the fundamental law of the land, it is superseded thereby. Since an unconstitutional statute cannot repeal, or in anyway effect an existing one, if a repealing statute is unconstitutional, the statute which it attempts to repeal, remains in full force and effect and where a statute in which it attempts to repeal remains in full force and effect and where a clause repealing a prior law is inserted in the act, which act is unconstitutional and void, the provision of the repeal of the prior law will usually fall with it and will not be permitted to operate as repealing such prior law. The general principle stated above applied to the constitution as well as the laws of the several states insofar as they are repugnant to the constitution and laws of the United States.”
A broad statement of principle, the truth and reasonableness of which are self-evident. A rule of Equity, the system of justice that complements the Common Law.
Maxims were originally quoted in Latin, and many of the Latin phrases continue to be familiar to lawyers in the early 2000s. The maxims were not written down in an organized code or enacted by legislatures, but they have been handed down through generations of judges. As a result, the wording of a maxim may vary from case to case. For example, it is a general rule that equity does not aid a party at fault. This maxim has been variously expressed:
No one is entitled to the aid of a court of equity when that aid has become necessary through his or her own fault.
Equity does not relieve a person of the consequences of his or her own carelessness.
A court of equity will not assist a person in extricating himself or herself from the circumstances that he or she has created.
Equity will not grant relief from a self-created hardship.
The principles of equity and justice are universal in the common-law courts of the world. They are flexible principles aimed at achieving justice for both sides in each case. No maxim is ever absolute, but all of the principles must be weighed and fitted to the facts of an individual controversy. A rule does not apply when it would produce an unfair result. A party cannot insist that a strict technicality be enforced in his or her favor when it would create an injustice because equity will instead balance the interests of the different parties and the convenience of the public.
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Remember Lois Lerner? She’s the IRS Exempt Organizations Chief whose emails disappeared but whose texts revealed bias against conservative groups. She has refused to testify multiple times claiming protection under the Fifth Amendment. The right not to incriminate yourself runs deep in our Constitution.
Even so, a Colorado tax on marijuana has been upheld by a federal court despite claims that paying it amounts to self-incrimination violating the Fifth Amendment. Plaintiffs want the taxes on recreational pot outlawed, reasoning that they require businesses and consumers to implicate themselves in federal crimes. The plaintiffs lost on getting an injunction at this point, but that doesn’t mean the lawsuit is over.
Indeed, the lawsuit challenging the taxes will continue, and the stakes are high. In Colorado, there’s a 2.9% sales tax plus a 10% marijuana sales tax. Plus, there is a 15% excise tax on the average market rate of retail marijuana. If you add that up, it’s 27.9%. Medical marijuana only pays the 2.9% sales tax.
Victoria, the nation’s first legal medical marijuana plant. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The argument is pretty clever: making you pay these taxes is making you admit to the government that you are violating federal law. Even getting witnesses is tough, said one of the lawyers involved. After all, just being a witness would mean incriminating oneself!
Under federal law, marijuana is still illegal and a controlled substance, even for medical use. And the gulf between federal law and recreational marijuana seems even bigger. Of course, this isn’t the only context raising the conflicting federal and state laws over marijuana. The tax problems of the industry remain a major impediment.
Section 280E of the tax code denies even legal dispensaries tax deductions. The IRS says it has no choice but to enforce the tax code passed by Congress. “The federal tax situation is the biggest threat to businesses and could push the entire industry underground,” the leading trade publication for the marijuana industry reported. One answer is for dispensaries to deduct expenses from other businesses distinct from dispensing marijuana.
If a dispensary sells marijuana and is in the separate business of care-giving, the care-giving expenses are deductible. If only 10% of the premises are used to dispense marijuana, most of the rent is deductible. In allocating expenses between businesses, good record-keeping is essential.
But there is only so far one can go. Some marijuana sellers operate as nonprofit social welfare organizations so Section 280E shouldn’t apply. Some claim dispensaries should be organized as cooperatives or collectives.
The proposed Marijuana Tax Equity Act would end the federal prohibition on marijuana and allow it to be taxed. That way growers, sellers and users would not fear of violating federal law. The bill would also impose an excise tax on cannabis sales and an annual occupational tax on workers in the growing field of legal marijuana.
Colorado’s tax law is bringing in considerable revenue, and that may influence attempts to derail the tax. Early reports suggested that the taxes might be attacked as unconstitutionally high. But the Fifth Amendment assertions are more sophisticated. Not only that, they jab at the already sensitive issue of the conflict between state and federal law. As medical marijuana has gained widespread acceptance and now recreational marijuana is taking hold, the federal v. state conflict grows deeper.
You can reach me at Wood@WoodLLP.com. This discussion is not intended as legal advice, and cannot be relied upon for any purpose without the services of a qualified professional.
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WASHINGTON—Editor’s Note:This story is the sixth part in a series of articles and video documentaries that surveys the state of the legal marijuana and hemp industries.To read the previous article on hemp research in Kentucky, go here.
Ken Anderson had managed to transport 286 pounds of hemp seeds to Lexington, Kentucky from Italy. That’s when the Drug Enforcement Agency seized them at a UPS air terminal in Lexington, Kentucky, riling agricultural officials, farmers and politicians in a state that is still searching for a crop to replace the maligned tobacco leaf.
Kentucky agricultural officials were awaiting the seeds in anticipation of commencing hemp research projects in collaboration with universities and private growers under federal legislation signed in February by President Obama: Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill.
Although federal law classifies hemp as a Schedule I controlled substance, the Farm Bill carved out an exception—authorizing institutions of higher education or state agriculture departments to study the growth, cultivation or marketing of industrial hemp in states where such activity is permitted.
“It amazes me that the DEA spent resources to intercept my seed going into the Kentucky Department of Agriculture," said Anderson, founder and CEO of Original Green Distribution, which is providing seed and infrastructure to support American hemp. “They spent a ton of money confiscating seed going to the Kentucky Department of Agriculture when they didn’t have a single agent in front of a recreational [marijuana] dispensary in Colorado. That blows my mind. What a waste of resources."
The feds could have seized the Italian hemp seeds before they had cleared the interior of the United States. But U.S. Border Patrol dropped the ball—it should have never let in the seeds without the proper federal licensing and import certification, a DEA executive assistant told Canadian Hemp Trade Alliance President Russ Crawford, according to a May 5 email he sent Anderson. Crawford had wanted to know if DEA would let into the United States seeds from Canada.
On May 13, the DEA offered to release the Italian seeds to the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA), provided the state agency applied to register as an importer of controlled substances. But a DEA official, Joseph Rannazzisi, declared the Farm Bill did not authorize any activity by private growers and suggested the state provide the names of the institutions of higher education to which it planned to distribute seeds.
The very next day, KDA responded to DEA by filing a lawsuit against the agency, which is a part of the U.S. Justice Department.
“Defendant DEA/and or other Defendants are violating the provisions of the Farm Bill by engrafting upon it additional regulatory and bureaucratic requirements that were not contemplated or enacted by the U.S. Congress," according to the lawsuit, which argued the Farm Bill excluded hemp seeds from the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act. “There is no provision in the Farm Bill or in any regulation in furtherance of the Farm Bill allowing Defendant DEA and/or other Defendants to impose additional requirements, restrictions, or prohibitions upon an institution of higher education or a state department of agriculture that is engaged in industrial hemp cultivation as contemplated by the Farm Bill."
Following a hearing before the U.S. District Court in Louisville, Kentucky, DEA issued a registration and import permit to KDA, allowing the state agency to possess the seeds, according to court records. Anderson said the Italian seeds were released on May 23.
According to KDA records, seven growing sites received the impounded seeds, including Kentucky State University, Murray State University and Western Kentucky University.
Threats of Criminal Prosecution
But DEA still made it clear in a letter on May 22 that it had plans “to criminally prosecute and seize, under the federal Controlled Substances Act … hemp plants grown by the private farmers who have entered written contracts with KDA to carry out the pilot projects," several Kentucky farmers disclosed in a request to intervene in the case and enjoin DEA from prosecuting—or destroying plants grown by—them.
The proposed interveners included Brian Furnish, a farmer who had expected to receive seed to begin a pilot project in conjunction with the University of Kentucky, and seven other farmers who had entered memoranda of understanding with KDA.
The Farm Bill “clearly shows Congress’ assumption and intent that private farmers be utilized by state agriculture departments to carry out the pilot projects," lawyers for the farmers stated in June 12 court papers. “To read the law as requiring the officials and employees of a small state agency like KDA, who are not themselves active farmers, to leave their offices in Frankfort and cultivate the hemp seed would be absurd and would completely frustrate the intent of Congress."
A senior federal judge, John Heyburn, later denied the motion to intervene and for the preliminary injunction, explaining the request for the injunction was moot for reasons that were stated on the record during a hearing.
DEA never filed a formal answer to KDA’s complaint. Ellen Canale, a spokeswoman with the Justice Department, a named defendant in KDA’s lawsuit, didn’t return numerous phone calls and emails seeking comment on the case.
DEA agreed “that as long as the farmers were, under contract (Memorandum of Understanding) with the KDA or universities to engage in the pilot crop program, that they would be considered agents of the KDA or universities under the 2014 Farm Act and exempt from the provisions of the Controlled Substance Act (i.e. not subjected to criminal investigation or prosecution)," said Richard Plymale, a veteran lawyer in Kentucky who represented the farmers, in an email.
DEA also agreed to quickly issue import permits for hemp oil seeds that were being held in Canada, he said. According to KDA records, the Canadian seeds were released on July 2.
Plymale, a former Assistant U.S. Attorney with the Justice Department who currently practices law with Frost Brown Todd LLC, said he appeared in Heyburn’s chambers on June 18 and read a portion of the DEA’s threatening letter to the farmers, to which the judge responded, “I thought we had settled this."
When Heyburn asked Assistant U.S. Attorney Benjamin Schecter who appeared for the hearing by phone if the matter had been resolved, he answered in the affirmative, Plymale said.
Last week, KDA moved to dismiss the entire lawsuit.
“This dismissal is based upon the Defendant, Drug Enforcement Agency’s (“DEA") continuing agreement to assist the KDA with the KDA’s implementation and supervision of programs involved with the growth, cultivation, and marketing of industrial hemp," Daniel Morgan of the law firm McBrayer, McGinnis, Leslie & Kirkland, PLLC wrote on behalf of KDA. “The KDA acknowledges that the DEA has been cooperating with the KDA and the DEA has manifested its expressed desire to assist the KDA with industrial hemp projects."
Searching for New Cash Crop
Industrial hemp contains little THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, and U.S. Rep. Thomas Massie (R-Kentucky) last year introduced a bill that would exempt hemp from the Controlled Substances Act. Katie Moyer, an appointed member of the Kentucky Industrial Hemp Commission, said the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2013 has bipartisan support with 49 cosponsors. Moyer said the bill only needs a few more sponsors in order to schedule a hearing on the House floor.
“Tobacco is demonized. It’s taxed into oblivion," she said in a phone interview. “They [farmers] are struggling here in Kentucky. They are trying to find a replacement to tobacco, something they can grow as a cash crop."
Private growers who have been working with KDA haven’t encountered any issues with DEA since the lawsuit was resolved, Moyer said. After the seeds were released to the KDA, farmers underwent background checks and entered agreements with the state agency, she said.
“KDA was very careful. Under the contract with the farmers … they give GPS coordinates to the fields and the farmers are required to make reports when crops are harvested, removed," Plymale said. “There is a nice gentleman’s agreement about what to do."
The agricultural community is actually hosting an event on Aug. 25 for local law-enforcement to tour the hemp fields.
“We want law enforcement to be involved with the process," Moyer said. “We try to be reasonable and consider all the issues they’ve got with it."
She said KDA has been taking samples of the hemp fields and noted most industrial hemp contains well under 0.3 percent THC, the limit specified in the Farm Bill.
According to Moyer, a hemp field in north Christian County, Kentucky is thriving with some plants likely soaring to more than 11 feet. Another field planted by Rachel McCubbin, a staff member to Sen. Rand Paul (R-Kentucky), hasn’t fared as well. After the hemp was planted, the field was drenched with 4.5 inches of rain, then suffered a drought for two months, Moyer said.
“That field needless to say is not doing well," she said. “It’s not a miracle crop. It’s not going to perform miracles."
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Posted: Tue 2:47 PM, Aug 19, 2014
LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) — West Virginia billionaire Jim Justice has reached a $1.5 million settlement with Kentucky officials over dozens of reclamation violations at several of his coal mines in eastern Kentucky.
The agreement between Justice and the state’s Department for Natural Resources is a reduction from the $4.5 million in outstanding penalties he owed for the violations. Kentucky officials said the violations stemmed from the lack of post-mining restoration work required by law at Justice mines in eight counties.
Justice, who is worth about $1.6 billion according to Forbes.com, has idled several mines in eastern Kentucky and said his Appalachian mines are struggling to stay open due to poor market conditions.
The agreement also requires Justice to post millions in bond and complete the reclamation work by September 2015.
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And this time I am speaking to everyone who lives on this planet!
After much thought the last few days I decided I needed to say something about the “state of affairs” that our Country, and the entire world is enduring as we speak.
It seems that things that I have thought of in the past are coming true to life now. Not to mention all the movies I have watched which predicted horrendous disasters including war, weather, biological catastrophes etc., Were they in fact intended to desensitize the people to the reality of things to come?
I grew up in Louisville, Ky., and I remember riots and violence when busing was started. I’ve seen KKK rallies – though never attended one. I remember watching the news with Walter Cronkite as well when we were in Vietnam. My father was a WWII Vet. My Grandmother died in the great “flu pandemic” of 1918 – so I never even met her as I was born much later in my parents life. I am also a recovering Catholic. God knows I loved that religion all my life until I was old enough to put 2+2 together and realize I was lied to about most everything.
It has always been said that “history repeats itself”. I hope that is not true because if it is we are in for another war like has never been seen before. WWII was supposed to be the War to end all War – In reality it was the beginning of what we are seeing today. I do not like to bring the “Bible” into my writings “per say” however the “Good Book” in all religious forms predicts global war and catastrophe near the end times. Can we stop it? Are we too late? Do we really WANT to stop it?
I tend to be somewhat satiric in some of the article’s I have personally written. That being said I believed every bit of it or I would not have written it in the first place. In some cases I wanted it to be entertaining as well but everything I have written had some thought behind it. Do you really want to see a change in the World?
Moving right along as I could get really long winded here and I know people do not have the time to read everything all the way through anymore – They are either too busy having to be a slave to a Corporation or a Slave to the “Indigent System”… My word of the day is PREPARE, PREPARE, PREPARE for the worst and PRAY for the World to come to it’s senses and lay down ALL of your ARMS.
DO NOT hand them over to anyone, but LAY THEM DOWN IN PEACE!
PEACE and cooperation is what the world needs now…
We have many more important things to deal with at this point than WAR!!! We have an entire planet to rebuild called “Earth”.
Everywhere I have looked since 2001 there has been some kind of either Biological disasters and Meteorological disasters, (who knows whether it is natural global warming or human waste, corporate waste and pollutants), Human suffering of indigenous proportions. Not to mention the Military, Prison, Pharmaceutical, Industrial Fascists nightmare that has been here since we were. And so of course I have to say that 2001 was not the start of the Global disaster we are seeing now. It started many moons ago. Sort of like the Good Lord, according to the Bible “he always was and always will be”(?)…Can we change the Earth?
Who started it all? I could theorize all day long but at the end of the day at this point it does not matter. It just has to stop. And stop quick. Or else the one’s of us who are lucky enough to still be able to watch the horror on TV will be next weeks news.
The laws of nature our not on our side at this point. Neither is the “law of the land”.
Another big problem is social media. Media in general is a problem in and of itself but FACEBOOK and all the rest of the “social networks” are causing more harm than good as cyber security carefully documents almost everything about our lives, minute by minute – second by second.
Gaming programs of most kinds are no more than a way to condition our kids via programming as they sit there and push buttons to kill people – taking away all of the emotional cause and effect of a “killing”.
After posting the story about the “Purge” in Louisville, KY last week and seeing all the hits that this story got I started to think about just how easy it could be to throw any area in the U.S. or even Worldwide into an unprecedented chaos just by “starting a social networking war” via comments and false statements.
Is this a planned joint venture between the governments to cause utter anarchy everywhere? A reason to bring down the Police State on everyone?
I have disconnected all social networking from my phone. The fact that I still feel the need to carry one at all bothers me. But until the electric goes out (and it will) I will continue to carry my cell phone – just in case I need to call or text somebody…
I have put together a few links which emphasize what I have been talking about above just to refresh everyone’s memory a little bit. I am sure you all know what is happening today, right?
“Never believe anything you read and only half of what you see with your own eyes” was something I was taught as a child which turned out to be the “truth” of all “truths”.
Nothing is as it seems on the surface. Like George Carlin said, “Teach your children to question everything…”
Rainbow Farm was a campground run by Tom Crosslin and his life partner Rolland "Rollie" Rohm and home to two controversial festivals, HempAid on Memorial Day and Roach Roast on Labor Day. The owner of Rainbow Farm supported the "medical, spiritual, and responsible recreational uses of Marijuana for a more sane and compassionate America" . Rainbow Farm was the focus of an intensive investigation by Cass County prosecutor Scott Teter. The investigation eventually came to a head in early September 2001 with the burning down of all the structures on the property and the shooting deaths of both Tom Crosslin and Rolland Rohm.
Prior to that was: *1995 Oklahoma City Bombing
The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. The bombing killed 168 people and injured more than 680 others. The blast destroyed or damaged 324 buildings within a 16-block radius, destroyed or burned 86 cars, and shattered glass in 258 nearby buildings,[4
*In 2004 came the Tsunami.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea megathrust earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on Sunday, 26 December 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The quake itself is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake. The resulting tsunami was given various names, including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, South Asian tsunami, Indonesian tsunami, the Christmas tsunami and the Boxing Day tsunami.
*In 2005 came Hurricane Katrina.
Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic tropical cyclone of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. It is the costliest natural disaster, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes, in the history of the United States.
*In 2006 came the Java earthquake.
The May 2006 Java earthquake occurred at 05:54 local time on 27 May on the southern coast of the island of Java, around 20 km (12 mi) south-southeast of the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta. The shock occurred at a shallow depth and was located just to the south of Mount Merapi, a stratovolcano (that was mid-eruption at the time) located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta. The large M6.3 earthquake caused a disproportionate number of casualties, with more than 5,700 deaths and 37,000 injuries, and very high financial losses (Rp 29.1 Trillion ($3.1B)). With a lack of instruments in the area, the shock was initially attributed with the (strike-slip) Opak Fault that lies to the east of the affected areas, but later InSAR analysis revealed that another previously unknown fracture was responsible for the sequence of shocks.
*In December of 2007 Benazir Bhutto, the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan was assassinated.
Benazir Bhutto ( بينظير بھٹو ), pronounced [beːnəˈziːr ˈbʱʊʈʈoː]; 21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) was the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan, serving two non-consecutive terms in 1988–90 and then 1993–96. A scion of the politically powerful Bhutto family, she was the eldest daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, a former prime minister himself who founded the centre-left, social-democratic Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP).
*In 2008 – 2009 was the Great Recession.
The Great Recession (also referred to as the Second Great Depression, Lesser Depression, the Long Recession, or the global recession of 2009) was a global economic decline in the late 2000s decade. The effects of this economic downturn are having a continued influence into 2014.
*2010 brought the “Arab Spring”.
The Arab Spring (Arabic: الربيع العربي, ar-rabīˁ al-ˁarabī) is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests (both non-violent and violent), riots, and civil wars in the Arab world that began on 18 December 2010 and spread throughout the countries of the Arab League and surroundings. While the wave of initial revolutions and protests had expired by mid-2012, some refer to the ongoing large-scale conflicts in Middle East and North Africa as a continuation of the Arab Spring, while others refer to the second wave of revolutions and civil wars post 2012 as the Arab Winter.
*2011 Tohoku earthquake,
The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (東北地方太平洋沖地震 Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin?) was a magnitude 9.0 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 30 km (19 mi). The earthquake is also often referred to in Japan as the Great East Japan Earthquake (東日本大震災 Higashi nihon daishinsai?)[fn 1] and also known as the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, and the 3.11 Earthquake. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded to have hit Japan, and the fifth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record-keeping began in 1900. The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that reached heights of up to 40.5 metres (133 ft) in Miyako in Tōhoku’s Iwate Prefecture, and which, in the Sendai area, travelled up to 10 km (6 mi) inland. The earthquake moved Honshu (the main island of Japan) 2.4 m (8 ft) east and shifted the Earth on its axis by estimates of between 10 cm (4 in) and 25 cm (10 in), and generated sound waves detected by the low orbiting GOCE satellite.
*2012 In the worst power outage in world history, the 2012 India blackouts leave 620 million people without power.
Two severe power blackouts affected most of northern and eastern India on July 30 and 31, 2012. The 30 July 2012 India blackout affected over 300 million people and was the then-largest power outage in history, counting number of people affected, beating the January 2001 India blackout. The 31 July 2012 India blackout was the largest power outage in history. The outage affected over 620 million people, about 9% of the world population, or half of India’s population, spread across 22 states in Northern, Eastern, and Northeast India.
*In 2013, Benedict XVI resigns as pope, becoming the first to do so since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so voluntarily since Celestine V in 1294. Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina is elected the 266th pope, whereupon he takes the name Francis and becomes the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first pope from the Southern Hemisphere.
This is 2014.
Just sit down, shut up and think for a minute!
The World is in chaos as we speak.
I was going to add additional links here to the ongoing “news” around the World, but I really do not think it is necessary. Everyone that reads this has the same ability that I do to Google the news so I will end my rant here.
*Information source: Wikipedia
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by Melissa Swan
Posted on August 12, 2014 at 12:11 AM
Updated Tuesday, Aug 12 at 12:12 AM
LOUISVILLE, Ky. (WHAS11) — A man form Colorado is staking his time, money and experience on a farm in Kentucky all to make medicine from hemp.
“I use the word phenomenon. Agriculture phenomenon, in Kentucky’s very, very near future,” Josh Stanley said.
In Colorado, Stanley is known as a medical marijuana pioneer.
Stanley and four of his brothers have cultivated many forms of medical pot to help control seizures in children. They said they believe it can help others, including cancer patients and veterans.
“It worked for depression, it worked to curb the post traumatic stress disorder, the flair ups, it worked so well we were astonished,” Stanley said.
Earlier this year, Stanley was front and center in Frankfort testifying before Kentucky lawmakers about the Colorado Cannabis.
In an exclusive WHAS11 interview, Stanley talked about moving the base of his operation to Kentucky. But here, he said, he isn’t concentrating on medical marijuana which is still illegal in Kentucky. Instead, he will shift his focus to hemp.
“I don’t use the cannabis word or the marijuana word. That turns people off immediately. What we’re dealing in is hemp. Both in nutritional and medical purposes,” he said.
He’s investing in Kentucky, partnering with farmers on two pilot project and in the market to buy land.
“Kentucky is the place to be and Kentucky is going to be the example for the rest of the country. I am confident of that,” Stanley said.
Stanley said his interest in medicinal hemp began with his own back injury. He was using pharmaceutical drugs when his friend told him to try hemp.
He said within three weeks he was off all pain pills.
Since then, Stanley and his brothers have been at the forefront of creating strains of medical marijuana in Colorado with drastically reduced levels of THC (the substance that gets you high) and turning it into medicine.
Now, he said Kentucky is on the forefront of making medicine – from hemp.
“There are so many unanswered questions, but we are not going to answer them unless we get to it. What my company, and now non-profit organization, seeks to do is lend a hand,” he said.
This fall the hemp from this farm will be turned into an oil – CBD oil — and distributed to children and veterans.
“My hope is in the pilot project that we can take care of 400. We need to be able to take care of 400,000, but that’s OK. It’s a start. You have to start somewhere,” Stanley said.
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By Christina CrapanzanoMonday, Mar. 29, 2010
Long before Loretta Nall campaigned on her cleavage, the activist’s cause was cannabis. The Alabama resident gained national attention during her 2006 gubernatorial campaign when she produced T-shirts with the caption "More of these boobs …" (with a photo of Nall in a low-cut shirt) "… And less of these boobs" (next to photos of her opponents). But the write-in candidate’s political roots date back to 2002, when a misdemeanor arrest for possession was the spark behind her forming the U.S. Marijuana Party (USMJP). The group — which demands "an end to the unconstitutional prohibition of marijuana" — has official party chapters in seven states, including Colorado, Illinois and Kentucky. While Nall left the USMJP to be a Libertarian Party governor nominee, the group continues to back candidates in local, state and national elections under the leadership of Richard Rawlings, who is currently running for Congress in Illinois.
THE ABOVE WAS WRITTEN IN ‘TIME MAGAZINE’ ON MARCH 29, 2010.
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By Kevin Brooker, Calgary Herald August 5, 2014
“Revenge!” Now there’s an anguished utterance you normally expect only to hear in bad Shakespeare parodies. Not last week, however, when Marc Emery, Canada’s so-called Prince of Pot, dropped the R-bomb on no less than the government itself.
Speaking to CBC Radio from a private deportation facility (whatever the heck that is) in anticipation of finally being released from the U.S. prison system, Emery said, “My own government betrayed me and I’m going to wreak an appropriate amount of political revenge when I get home and campaign against the Conservative government.”
Emery served nearly five years for the crime of selling seeds, “chained and shackled every inch of the way,” and obviously he isn’t about to forgive and forget. But this is no routine – and therefore hollow – act of fist shaking by a jailbird.
His threat is anything but empty. Emery is now poised to re-enter his chosen life’s work of cannabis activism in the most significant way possible, by threatening to turn the next federal election into a single-issue referendum on legalizing cannabis. He and his many supporters are planning to campaign for the Liberals, and will thus hold Justin Trudeau’s feet to the fire regarding his pledge to end the legal morass that is cannabis prohibition. Emery’s team already has 30 rallies planned across the country, with surely many more to come. His plan is to energize young voters on what will be
framed as a civil rights cause, irrespective of their personal relationship to cannabis.
The hand-wringers in Ottawa don’t know what to make of it. Many Liberals suggest Emery might be a liability to the party by alienating centrists with his brash rhetoric. The Tories, of course, will take every opportunity to disparage him, as they already have, as “a drug dealer who just got out of jail.”
But as the next few months unfurl, I suspect we will see Emery quietly absorbed into the Liberal fold. After all, he’s got buckets of money, commitment and organization. The prospect of him stumping for their brand could do the Liberals a huge favour, whether they admit it or not.
If nothing else, Emery will come home with a kind of street gravitas, having openly flouted laws on principle, knowing that he would some day do jail time, and doing a hard nickel to boot.
One strategist noted that, “Political parties don’t as a rule like to be associated with controversial figures, especially those who have served jail time,” though the annals of politics are filled with ex-cons. Nelson Mandela and Vaclav Havel come to mind.
Sure, Emery is no Mandela, but it is not difficult to argue that he was in some sense a political prisoner. The Conservative government acted vindictively, and politically, by bringing in U.S. drug warriors and seeing to it that Emery was renditioned to a place where he would serve a far harsher sentence than any Canadian court would deliver for such an offence.
Now he has a story to tell, plus an aura of martyrdom vis-a-vis the growing number of people who see cannabis prohibition as a colossal failure whose social harms far outweigh those of personal abuse. It is a tale with which many Canadians will empathize.
Much has changed since Emery’s been away. I write today from Washington state where, ironically, not far from the court that convicted him, any adult can walk into a store and purchase cannabis itself, and not merely seeds. Last week, Emery evinced pride that his long career of activism helped influence such developments here and in Colorado. Likewise, it has changed Canada. In his home province of B.C., for example, medical cannabis dispensaries have made the substance de facto legal.
The current patchwork of legality with respect to this ancient plant is just one more reason why Canadian voters are likely to respond positively to some form of blanket decriminalization. And if they do, Emery will have his revenge.
Kevin Brooker is a Calgary writer.
His column runs every second week.
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By David Firestone, New York Times – Tuesday, July 29 2014
When the White House issued a statement last night saying that marijuana should remain illegal — responding to our pro-legalization editorial series — officials there weren’t just expressing an opinion. They were following the law. The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy is required by statute to oppose all efforts to legalize any banned drug.
It’s one of the most anti-scientific, know-nothing provisions in any federal law, but it remains an active imposition on every White House. The “drug czar,” as the director of the drug control policy office is informally known, must “take such actions as necessary to oppose any attempt to legalize the use of a substance” that’s listed on Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act and has no “approved” medical use.
Marijuana fits that description, as do heroin and LSD. But unlike those far more dangerous drugs, marijuana has medical benefits that are widely known and are now officially recognized in 35 states. The drug czar, though, isn’t allowed to recognize them, and whenever any member of Congress tries to change that, the White House office is required to stand up and block the effort. It cannot allow any federal study that might demonstrate the rapidly changing medical consensus on marijuana’s benefits and its relative lack of harm compared to alcohol and tobacco.
“It’s a complete Catch-22,” said Representative Steve Cohen, Democrat of Tennessee, who has introduced legislation to change the requirement. “They should be giving Congress and the American people the benefit of the latest research, and yet by statute, they’re prohibited from doing so. They have no choice but to say they’re against it. Joseph Heller should be working there.”
- Read the entire article at New York Times.
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By Ian Dunt Friday, 25 July 2014 11:17 AM
The body set up to enforce the world’s drugs laws has admitted decriminalisation is an "alternative" to prohibition.
The story is unlikely to garner many headlines but this is brave new world territory. It’s the global equivalent of a town sheriff telling his officers not to put people in jail for taking drugs anymore.
The funny thing is, it happened ages ago and we didn’t even notice.
It’s in the 2007 report of the UN’s International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), a deeply reactionary and aggressive body which polices nation states’ obedience to the 1961 Single Convention banning recreational drugs. Transform’s Danny Kushlick was going through it the other day when he noticed something remarkable. It says there is no need to send anyone to jail for the "possession, purchase or cultivation" of recreational drugs.
Here’s the quote in full, from section B18:
"The conventions differentiate sharply between offences related to drug trafficking and offences related to personal use of illicit drugs and between offences committed by drug abusers and those committed by others.
"Under the 1988 Convention, drug abusers who commit offences may be required to undergo treatment, education, aftercare, rehabilitation or social reintegration, in addition to being convicted or punished, providing that the facts and circumstances surrounding the commission of the offence indicate it to be an offence of a minor nature.
"However, with offences involving the possession, purchase or cultivation of illicit drugs for the offender’s personal use, the measures can be applied as complete alternatives to conviction and punishment, and none of the convention obligations referred to in paragraphs 15-17 above apply to such offences.
"As such, the conventions recognize that, to be truly effective, a State’s response to offences by drug abusers must address both the offences and the abuse of drugs (the underlying cause)."
As Kushlick wrote to me:
"It’s weird on two fronts:
"1) That they said it and
"2) That no one had noticed it before
"I feel a bit like I walked through the looking glass…"
It’s important to note where the board stops. It is not supportive of legalisation. In fact when Uruguay legalised cannabis, it bullied it with a statement warning about the impact on the country’s "public health and well being".
It added, with a trace of malevolence:
"INCB looks forward to maintaining an ongoing dialogue with all countries, including those where such misguided initiatives are being pursued, with a view to ensuring the full implementation of the convention and protecting public health."
Bu the fact that this organisation is open to decriminalisation is an astonishing benchmark for the drug reform movement. Apparently, even the most die-hard prohibitionists are starting to recognise the evidence of decades of failure. As Kushlick said: "UK politicians must follow the numerous countries that have decriminalised, to vastly greater success, rather than those that continue to criminalise users and small-scale growers."
Fittingly, the comment has been discovered just after the UN’s leading health agency, the World Health Organisation (WHO), effectively called on countries to end the criminalisation of narcotics. The WHO has worked hand-in hand-with the INCB to aggressively push for the blanket ban on recreational drugs on the world stage.
Now, after countless deaths and ruined lives, it has changed its tune.
A report earlier this month on HIV among vulnerable people – like gay men, drug injectors, prisoners and sex workers – suggested countries end the criminalisation of injection and certainly stop sending people to jail for it.
"Countries should work toward developing policies and laws that decriminalise injection and other use of drugs and, thereby, reduce incarceration," it said.
It also called for countries to decriminalise programmes which provide clean needles and syringes and encouraged opiate substitution treatment for people who are dependant. Finally, it said countries should ban compulsory treatment for people who use and/or inject drugs.
The recommendations were in relation to HIV and drug injection, but you can see how the priority is being placed on public health rather than criminal justice. This is the balance of priorities which drug reform advocates have been demanding for decades: a focus on saving life rather than punishing it.
The ramifications of that advice go well beyond injection. It’s unthinkable that someone offering that advice would suggest sending a cannabis smoker to jail, for instance.
With intellectual changes of this magnitude taking place at a global level, there’s a growing sense that we’re approaching critical mass. Soon even the most studiously ignorant national government – like ours, for instance – will need to take note.
It’s a brave new world. And we’ve been in it since 2007, apparently.
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I RECEIVED THIS AS A COMMENT ON THE KY BLOG FROM SOMEONE NAMED "J" WHO SHALL REMAIN ANONYMOUS HERE:
HERE IS THE LINK TO THE ARTICLE ON THE BLOG http://usmjparty.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/facebook-totally-screwed-with-a-bunch-of-people-in-the-name-of-science/
BELOW IS HIS REPLY TO IT:
The State of Unclassified and Commercial Technology Capable of Some Electronic Mind Control Effects
To help the reader appreciate the importance of this matter…
“We need a program of psychosurgery and political control of our society. The purpose is physical control of the mind. Everyone who deviates from the given norm can be surgically mutilated. “The individual may think that the most important reality is his own existence, but this is only his personal point of view. This lacks historical perspective.
“Man does not have the right to develop his own mind. This kind of liberal orientation has great appeal. We must electrically control the brain. Someday armies and generals will be controlled by electrical stimulation of the brain.”
Dr. Jose Delgado (MKULTRA experimenter who demonstrated a radio- controlled bull on CNN in1985) Director of Neuropsychiatry, Yale University Medical School
Congressional Record No. 26, Vol. 118, February 24, 1974
Monkeys in restraint, wires coming out of top of skull, left image “normal”, right image with electric current being fed into the monkey’s brain – note pupil sizes and clenched teeth! These images portray Dr. Delgado’s ruthless disregard for life, pain, and suffering!
This document is organized so that a narrative article appears at the top, followed by appendices.
– BLACK = NARRATIVE ARTICLE
– BLUE = APPENDICES
I. LIMITATIONS… 3
III. III. MIND CONTROL EFFECTS…4
IV. IV. MAJOR TECHNOLOGY CLASSES… 9
V. V. PULSED MICROWAVE……12
VI. VI. ULTRASOUND AND VOICE-FM… 15
VII. VII. THROUGH-WALL RADAR…19
VIII. VIII. THOUGHT READING…21
IX. IX. IMPLANTS…23
X. CONCLUSION… 25
PM1…..THE LIDA MACHINE……28
PM2…..DR. ALLAN FREY’S PAPER…… 32
PM3…..NASA ARTICLE…… 43
PM4…..SCIENCE & ENGINEERING ASSOCIATES/KOHN’S PROJECTS… 46
PM5…..BIOLOGICAL AMPLIFICATION (OF EM SIGNALS)…48
PM6…..DR. DON R. JUSTESEN’S REPORT: 1974 VOICE TO SKULL SUCCESS……. 52
PM7…..U.S. GOVT DOCUMENT RE: RUSSIAN MIND CONTROL… 54
PM8…..OAK RIDGE LABS AND OTHER BULLETINS…58
US1…..SILENT SOUND, BRITISH ITV & NEXUS MAGAZINE… 64
US2…..U/SONIC MIND CONTROL COMMON, UNCLASSIFIED, MENSA EDITOR FINDS… 76
US3…..U/SONIC U.S. ARMY WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT PROJECT…… 87
US4….SILENT HYPNOSIS, VOICE-FM COMMERCIAL METHOD… 88
US5….”ACOUSTIC SPOTLIGHT”, CAN TARGET ONE PERSON IN CROWD… 92
TWR1…THE LADS DEVICE…100
TWR2…THE RADAR FLASHLIGHT…. 102
TWR3…MILLIVISION THRU-CLOTHING/WALL RADAR… 103
TWR4…GROUND [**OR HOME/APT WALL**] PENETRATING RADAR… 104
TR1…COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE THOUGHT- READING DEVICES… 108
TR2…IMPLANTED RATS CAN CONTROL DEVICES WITH THOUGHT… 112
TR3…..THOUGHT READING BY RADIO SIGNAL…. 114
TR4…..ELECTRONICS SEES WHAT A CAT SEES… 117
TR5….MIND SWITCH – THINK APPLIANCES ON, OFF, OR ADJUST… 120
IMP1….PROMOTION OF HUMAN IMPLANTATION BY NIH… 123
IMP2….ITALIAN DOCTOR REPORTS HUMAN IMPLANTATION… 126
IMP3….IMPLANT TRANSMITS PHYSIO- AND PSYCHO- PARAMETERS BY RADIO… 127
IMP4….DR JOSE DELGADO’S “STIMOCEIVER”/HUMAN IMPLANT EXPERIMENTS…… 130
IMP5….UNCLASSIFIED SATELLITE TRACKING HUMAN IMPLANT SYSTEM…. 134
The author acknowledges that this article falls short of a rigorous academic paper. This is explained by the fact that all involuntary neuro-electromagnetic experimentees are kept in a sort of “barely alive” condition, with significant health problems, and either unable to work or just barely able to hold a job with limited earning potential. Furthermore, since the perpetrators constantly work to prevent the public from knowing anything about electronic mind control, evidence is obtainable with great difficulty, and often the only evidence is of lower quality than would be accepted for a scientific treatise. In short, everything in this article represents a struggle against immense odds. We ask readers to understand this and hope that those who are not under electronic attack and surveillance will try through independent channels to find better quality proof.
Electronic mind control technology had its start in the 1950s, as an obscure branch of the CIA’s MKULTRA project group. Just as organized crime is not stopped by hearings and court cases, neither did this originally obscure branch of MKULTRA activity, when the institutional/ drug/child abuse phases were exposed by the U.S.
Senate’s Church- Inouye hearings in the late 1970s. No criminal proceedings followed, and only two civil law suits (Orlikow and Bonacci) have succeeded. This assembly of unclassified and commercial literature is to show investigators and concerned citizens that in spite of the tightest possible information blackout imposed in the early 1970s, enough of the classified mind control technology has leaked out to show that significant classified accomplishments are overwhelmingly likely, and in need of disclosure, here at the end of the 20th century. It is hoped that government and media, who have shied away from this topic for decades, preferring the warm fuzzy feelings that “this can’t be true”, will read about the unclassified and commercial devices and understand the implications of continued turning the other way.
III. MIND CONTROL EFFECTS
Since government-backed electronic mind control is classified at the highest levels in all technologically capable governments, the description of effects is taken from the personal experiences of over 300 known involuntary experimentees. The experimentees without exception report that once the “testing” begins, the classified experiment specification apparently requires that the “testing” be continued for life. Many are young seniors, some in their 70s and 80s. Some have children and the children are often subjected to the same “testing” as their parent(s). The effects pattern:
This article is about unclassified/commercial technologies which can produce some of the effects of the classified equipment, not testimonials, but this much has become clear over time: – All “testing” consists of unique, carefully engineered-unprovable events to produce psychological stress in the victim. There are no events which do not fit that apparent purpose. – In every series of stress event type, ONE introductory event of very high energy/effect is staged. The obvious purpose is to be certain the victim KNOWS this is external harassment, and not just “bad luck”. From that time forward, the experimenters appear to apply “Pavlovian training” so that they can get the victim to “jump” (or react in some way) to the same effect at a tiny fraction of the initial “introductory” event. – This type of testing started during the Cold War, and shows every characteristic of being for military and intelligence psychological warfare purposes.
This type of testing all points to CONTROL of the test subject. Endlessly repeated words generated inescapably within the skull are just one hypnosis-like experience. Given that CONTROL is the likely ultimate purpose, INVOLUNTARY test subjects become a necessity. Thus, the phenomenon of people apparently being chosen at random for this “work”. – Given a requirement for INVOLUNTARY test subjects, the ONLY group with the necessary funds and legal powers is GOVERNMENT. Private contractors are no doubt the main perpetrators to keep the “work” well covered, but without secret complicity of GOVERNMENT, this expensive, extensive, and illegal atrocity simply could not happen.
The effect types categorized:
Here is a list of most of the common effects. It is not exhaustive, but is intended to show the reader how the perpetrators’ pallette of stress effects is broken down. Indent levels are used to show categories and sub-categories:
1. Invasive At-a-Distance Body Effects (including mind)
a. Sleep deprivation and fatigue
i. Silent but instantaneous application of “electronic caffeine” signal, forces awake and keeps awake
ii. Loud noise from neighbours, usually synchronized to attempts to fall asleep
iii.Precision-to-the-second “allowed sleep” and “forced awakening”; far too precise and repeated to be natural iv. Daytime “fatigue attacks”, can force the victim to sleep and/or weaken the muscles to the point of collapse
b. Audible Voice to Skull (V2S)
i. Delivered by apparent at a distance radio signal
ii. Made to appear as emanating from thin air
iii.Voices or sound effects only the victim can hear
c. Inaudible Voice to Skull (Silent Sound)
i. Delivered by apparent at a distance radio signal; manifested by sudden urges to do something/go somewhere you would not otherwise want to; silent (ultrasonic) hypnosis presumed
ii. Programming hypnotic “triggers” – i.e. specific phrases or other cues which cause specific involuntary actions
d. Violent muscle triggering (flailing of limbs)
i. Leg or arm jerks to violently force awake and keep awake
ii. Whole body jerks, as if body had been hit by large jolt of electricity
iii.Violent shaking of body; seemingly as if on a vibrating surface but where surface is in reality not vibrating
e. Precision manipulation of body parts (slow, specific purpose)
i. Manipulation of hands, forced to synchronize with closed-eyes but FULLY AWAKE vision of previous day; very powerful and coercive, not a dream
ii. Slow bending almost 90 degrees BACKWARDS of one toe at a time or one finger at a time
iii. Direct at-a-distance control of breathing and vocal cords; including involuntary speech
iv. Spot blanking of memory, long and short term
f. Reading said-silently-to-self thoughts
i. Engineered skits where your thoughts are spoken to you by strangers on street or events requiring knowledge of what you were thinking
ii. Real time reading subvocalized words, as while the victim reads a book, and BROADCASTING those words to nearby people who form an amazed audience around the victim
g. Direct application of pain to body parts
i. Hot-needles-deep-in-flesh sensation
ii. Electric shocks (no wires whatsoever applied)
iii.Powerful and unquenchable itching, often applied precisely when victim attempts to do something to expose this “work”
iv. “Artificial fever”, sudden, no illness present
v. Sudden racing heartbeat, relaxed situation
h. Surveillance and tracking
i. Thru wall radar and rapping under your feet as you move about your apartment, on ceiling of apartment below
ii. Thru wall radar used to monitor starting and stopping of your urination – water below turned on and off in sync with your urine stream
iii. Loud, raucous artificial bird calls everywhere the victim goes, even into the wilderness
2. Invasive Physical Effects at a Distance, non-body
a. Stoppage of power to appliances (temporary, breaker ON)
b. Manipulation of appliance settings
c. Temporary failures that “fix themselves”
d. Flinging of objects, including non-metallic
e. Precision manipulation of switches and controls
f. Forced, obviously premature failure of appliance or parts
3. External Stress-Generating “Skits”
a. Participation of strangers, neighbours, and in some cases close friends and family members in harassment
i. Rudeness for no cause
ii. Tradesmen always have “problems”, block your car, etc.
iii. Purchases delayed, spoiled, or lost at a high rate
iv. Unusually loud music, noise, far beyond normal
b. Break-ins/sabotage at home
i. Shredding of clothing
ii. Destruction of furniture
iii. Petty theft
iv. Engineered failures of utilities
c. Sabotage at work
i. Repetitive damage to furniture
ii. Deletion/corruption of computer files
iii. Planting viruses which could not have come from your computer usage pattern
iv. Delivered goods delayed, spoiled, or lost at a high rate
v. Spreading of rumors, sabotage to your working reputation
vi. Direct sabotage and theft of completed work; tradesmen often involved and showing obvious pleasure Illustration of the bodily effects
IV. MAJOR TECHNOLOGY CLASSES
These technology classes are for the UNclassified and commercial equipment which can emulate the “real” classified mind control equipment. Effect section 2, “Invasive Physical Effects at-a-Distance”, clearly establishes the existence of remote precision manipulation of objects which is far beyond the capabilities of unclassified and commercial equipment at the time of writing.
REMOTE PHYSICAL MANIPULATION is not covered in this article, but the reader should know that both NASA and IEEE have noted successes in creating very small antigravity effects (which are not due to simple magnetism.)
TRANSMISSION METHODS FOR NEURO- EFFECTIVE SIGNALS:
– Pulsed microwave (i.e. like radar signals)
– ultrasound and voice-FM (transmitted through the air) While transmission of speech, dating from the early 1970s, was the first use of pulsed microwave, neuro- effective signals can now cause many other nerve groups to become remotely actuated. At time of writing, that technology appears to be classified.
PAVLOVIAN HYPNOTIC TRIGGERS:
A [Pavlovian] hypnotic trigger is a phrase or any other sensory cue which the victim is programmed to involuntarily act on in a certain way. The 50s-70s MKULTRA survivors can still be triggered from programming done decades ago. A name “Manchurian candidate”, from a novel by John Marks, is used to describe a person who carries Pavlovian triggers. One of the main goals of the institutional/drug/child abuse phases of the CIA MKULTRA atrocities (1950′s through 1970′s) was to implant triggers using a “twilight state” (half-conscious) medication and tape recorded hypnosis. The ultimate goal was to have the acting out of Pavlovian triggers erased from the victim’s memory. Using one of the two transmission methods above, these triggers are now planted using either of the above two transmission methods, but with the words moved up just above (or near the top of) the audible frequency range. The result is that hypnotic triggers are planted without the subject being aware. This technology was used in the Gulf War and has a name: “Silent Sound”
THROUGH-WALL SURVEILLANCE METHODS:
So-called “millimeter wave” scanning. This method uses the very top end of the microwave radio signal spectrum just below infra-red. To view small objects or people clearly, the highest frequency that will penetrate non- conductive or poorly- conductive walls is used. Millimeter wave scanning radar can be used in two modes:
– Passive (no signal radiated, uses background radiation already in the area to be scanned, totally UNdetectable)
– Active (low power millimeter wave “flashlight” attached to the scanner just as a conventional light mounted on a camcorder), or, the use of archaeological ground penetrating radar
Thought reading can be classed as a “through wall surveillance” technology. Thought reading, in the unclassified/commercial realm, can be broken down as follows:
– Thru-skull microwave reading
– Magnetic skull-proximity reading
The reverse of biofeedback. Those low frequency electrical brain rhythms which are characteristics of various moods and states of sleep can not only be read out using biofeedback equipment or EEG machines, but using radio, sound, contact electrodes, or flashing lights, the moods and sleep states can be generated or at least encouraged using brain entrainment devices. Brain entrainment signals cannot carry voice, which is a much higher frequency range. Brain entrainment can, however, be used to “set up” a target to make him/her more susceptible to hypnosis. These major technology classes can produce some of the observed mind control effects, FROM HIDING AND UNDETECTABLY, with the exception of remote physical manipulation. IMPLANTATION is sometimes used to assist the above technologies but with current devices, implants are no longer required. Diagram showing the overall method, based entirely on unclassified 1974 technology, of how SILENT hypnosis may be transmitted to a target without the target’s being aware. This technique is probably the most insidious, because it allows months and years of programming and Pavlovian trigger-setting, while the target cannot resist.
V. PULSED MICROWAVE
Pulsed microwave voice-to-skull (or other-sound-to-skull) transmission was discovered during World War II by radar technicians who found they could hear the buzz of the train of pulses being transmitted by radar equipment they were working on. This phenomenon has been studied extensively by Dr. Allan Frey, whose work has been published in a number of reference books. What Dr. Frey found was that single pulses of microwave could be heard by some people as “pops” or “clicks”, while a train of uniform pulses could be heard as a buzz, without benefit of any type of receiver. Dr. Frey also found that a wide range of frequencies, as low as 125 MHz (well below microwave) worked for some combination of pulse power and pulse width. Detailed unclassified studies mapped out those frequencies and pulse characteristics which are optimum for generation of “microwave hearing”. Very significantly, when discussing electronic mind control, is the fact that the PEAK PULSE POWER required is modest – something like 0.3 watts per square centimeter of skull surface, and this power level is only applied for a very small percentage of each pulse’s cycle time. 0.3 watts/sq cm is about what you get under a 250 watt heat lamp at a distance of one meter. It is not a lot of power. When you take into account that the pulse train is OFF (no signal) for most of each cycle, the average power is so low as to be nearly undetectable. Frequencies that act as voice-to-skull carriers are not single frequencies, as, for example TV or cell phone channels are. Each sensitive frequency is actually a range or “band” of frequencies. A technology used to reduce both interference and detection is called “spread spectrum”. Spread spectrum signals have the carrier frequency “hop” around within a specified band. Unless a receiver “knows” the hop schedule in advance, there is virtually no chance of receiving or detecting a coherent readable signal. Spectrum analyzers, used for detection, are receivers with a screen. A spread spectrum signal received on a spectrum analyzer appears as just more “static” or noise. My organization was delighted to find the actual method of the first successful UNclassified voice to skull experiment in1974, by Dr. Joseph C. Sharp, then at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research.
Dr. Sharp’s basic method is shown in Appendix PM6, below. A Frey- type audible pulse was transmitted every time the voice waveform passed down through the zero axis, a technique easily duplicated by
ham radio operators who build their own equipment. A pattern seems to be repeated where researchwhich could be used for mind control starts working, the UNclassified researchers lose funding,and in some cases their notes have been confiscated, and no further information on that research track is heard in the unclassified press. Pulsed microwave voice-to-skull research is one such track.
Illustration showing the principle behind pulsed microwave voice-to-skull
PM1 http://www.raven1.net/lida.htm, photo and description of the Korean War LIDA machine, a radio frequency
device developed by Soviet Russia and used in the Korean War onallied prisoners of war. BRAIN ENTRAINMENT IS INCLUDED IN THE RADIO FREQUENCY SECTION BECAUSE THE MOST INSIDIOUS METHOD OF BRAIN ENTRAINMENT IS SILENTLY, USING RADIO SIGNALS.
PM2 http://www.raven1.net/frey.htm , Human Auditory System Response
To Modulated Electromagnetic Energy, Allan H. Frey, General Electric Advanced Electronics Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
PM3 http://www.raven1.net/v2s-nasa.htm , NASA technical report abstract stating that speech-to-skull is feasible
PM4 http://www.raven1.net/v2s-kohn.htm , DOD/EPA small business initiative (SBIR) project to study the UNclassified use of voice-to- skull technology for military uses. (The recipient, Science and Engin- eering Associates, Albuquerque NM, would not provide me details on the telephone)
PM5 http://www.raven1.net/bioamp.htm , Excerpts,
Proceedings of Joint Symposium on Interactions of Electromagnetic Waves with Biological Systems, 22nd General Assembly of the International Union of Radio Science, Aug 25 – Sep 2, 1987, Tel Aviv, Israel SHOWS BIOLOGICAL AMPLIFICATION OF EM SIGNALS, pointing to relative ease with which neuro-electromagnetic signals can trigger effects
PM6 http://www.raven1.net/v2succes.htm , Excerpt,
Dr. Don R. Justesen, neuropsychological researcher, describes Dr. Joseph C. Sharp’s successful transmission of WORDS via a pulse-rate- modulated microwave transmitter of the Frey type.
PM7 http://www.raven1.net/russ.htm , FOIA article circulated among U.S. agencies describing the Russian TV program “Man and Law”, which gives a glimpse into the Russian mind control efforts.
(Dr. Igor Smirnov, a major player, was used as a consultant to the FBI at the Waco Branch Davidian standoff.)
VI. ULTRASOUND AND VOICE-FM
Ultrasound is vibration of the air, a liquid, or a solid, above the upper limit of human hearing which is roughly 15,000 Hz in adults. Voice-FM uses a tone at or near that upper limit, and the speaker’s voice VARIES the frequency slightly. Either a “tinnitus-like sound” or nothing is heard by the target. Ultrasound/voice-FM can be transmitted in these ways:
– Directly through the air using “air type transducers”
– Directly to the brain using a modulated microwave pulse train
– Through the air by piggybacking an ultrasound message on top of commercial radio or television
The use of commercial radio or television requires that the input signal at the transmitter be relatively powerful, since radio and TV receivers are not designed to pass on ultrasound messages. However, the average radio and TV receiver does not simply stop ultrasound, rather, the ability to pass ultrasound messages “rolls off”, i.e. degrades, as the frequency is increased. Today’s radios and TVs can carry enough ultrasound messaging to be “heard” by the human brain (though not the ear) to be effective in conveying hypnosis. This was proven by the U.S. military forces in the Gulf War.
Ultrasounds (and voice-FM’s) main advantage in mind control work is that it can carry VERBAL hypnosis, more potent than simple biorhythm entrainment. The brain CAN “hear” and understand this “inaudible voice”, while the ear cannot. Once you can convey hypnotic suggestion which cannot be consciously heard, you have eliminated a major barrier to the subject’s acceptance of the words being transmitted. In previous decades, “subliminal advertising” using voice and images at normal frequencies were “time sliced” into an apparently normal radio or TV broadcast. This apparently did not work well, and now voice-FM “subliminal learning tapes” commercially available have superseded the time slice method. Illustration showing the operation of “silent sound” with the human hearing system, using near-ultrasound, FREQUENCY MODULATED voice One method for projecting either audible voice or voice-FM over long distances, virtually undectable if line of sight, is the “acoustic heterodyne” or “HyperSonic Sound” system, patented by American Technologies Corporation, San Diego CA, http://www.atcsd.com Illustration showing the principle of an ultrasound projection system capable of true ventriloquism at a distance, by American Technologies Corporation (licensor), Akai Japan (licensee)
US1 http://www.raven1.net/silsoun2.htm , ITV Silent Sound report with comments by Judy Wall, Editor, Resonance, newsletter of MENSA’s bioelectromagnetic special interest group.
US2 http://www.raven1.net/commsolo.htm , an article by Judy Wall outlining instances of UNclassified, openly-admitted- to, electronic mind control operations by government agencies.
US3 http://www.raven1.net/armyparw.htm , an SBIR (small business initiative contract) which clearly shows intent to use ultrasound as an anti-personnel weapon, including one-man portability and with power to kill.
US4 http://www.raven1.net/ssnz.htm , a commercial New Zealand company, Altered States Ltd., sells tapes which perform “suggestions” (i.e. hypnosis but not called such) using the Lowery patent voice-FM method, to hypnotize without the subject being aware. This is a key feature of neuro-electromagnetic involuntary experiments.
US5 http://www.raven1.net/acouspot.htm , a page originally from the MIT Media Lab’s acoustic engineer, Joseph Pompeii. Describes a similar technique under commercial and military development (American Technologies Corp., San Diego) under the trade name “Hypersonic Sound”. Shows that sound can be focused to the extent of targeting just one person in a crowd, acoustically, using ultrasound.
VII. THROUGH-WALL RADAR
When “millimeter wave” microwave signals are received, the waves are so small that they can display a two-dimensional outline of an object. Lower frequency radar can only show a “blip” which indicates an object’s presence or motion, but not its outline. A millimeter wave dish acts as a camera lens to focus incoming millimeter wave signals on to a plate with a two-dimensional array of elements sensitive to millimeter wave frequencies, in exactly the same way a camera focusses light on to a piece of film. Each of the sensitive elements is scanned in a definite order, just as with a TV camera and screen, and a picture showing the outline of an object is formed. If no signal is sent out by the scanner, it is called “passive” millimeter wave radar. If the subject is illuminated by a separate source of millimeter wave signals, it is an “active” scanner. Since passive systems can penetrate clothing and non-conductive walls UNDETECTABLY, it is obvious that with just a small millimeter wave “flashlight”, non-conductive walls can be scanned through and still very little detectable signal is present. Millimeter wave through-clothing, through-luggage is currently in use at airports. In addition to mind control experimental observation, millimeter wave scanners are ideal for stalkers and voyeurs, since the subject is portrayed in the nude. Millimeter wave scanners can be purchased from Millivision Corp., Northampton MA, info at http://www.millivision.com
TWR1 http://www.raven1.net/lads.htm , LADS, Life Assessment Detector System, a product of VSE Corporation, can scan through more than a hundred feet of non-conductive or poorly- conductive material to detect a beating human heart
TWR2 http://www.raven1.net/nij_p44.htm , Prototype version of the “radar flashlight”, which is a more portable version of the LADS system above. Can also be used to illuminate a subject for use with a Millivision thru-clothing/thru-nonconductive wall scanner
TWR3 http://www.raven1.net/millitec.htm , October 1995 blurb from Popular Mechanics, with photos showing hidden guns used for demo purposes (Millitech sold the rights to Millivision)
TWR4 http://www.raven1.net/ptscradr.htm , March 22 text taken from Patriot Scientific Corporation’s web site, their ground-penetrating radar section. Patriot’s GPR overcomes the limitation of the Millivision passive radar, i.e. inability to penetrate partially conductive walls.
VIII. THOUGHT READING
“Thought reading” appears to be one of the EASIER components of electronic mind control, given that commercial and unclassified thought reading devices are available and being actively developed. Thought reading is an enhanced version of computer speech recognition, with EEG waves being substituted for sound waves. The easiest “thought” reading is actually remote picking up of the electro- magnetic activity of the speech-control muscles. When we “say words to ourselves, silently”, or, read a book, we can actually FEEL the slight sensations of those words in our vocal muscles – all that is absent is the passage of air. Coordinated speech signals are relatively strong and relatively consistent. The other kind of “thought reading”, i.e. “MINING” someone’s brain for information from a distance is SPECULATIVE. We targetted individuals have no way to verify that is happening, however, we do know that we are “fed” hypnotic signals to force consistent “neutral” content (but of different character than prior to becoming test subjects,) DREAMS. These forced, neutral content (“bland” content) dreams occur every single night and may represent the experimenters’ efforts to have our experiences portray themselves in such dreams, in effect, MINING our experiences. Again, this is SPECULATION, but it seems very logical.
Appendix TR4, referenced below, confirms the ability of current unclassified technology to actually see what a living animal sees, electronically. It is therefore extremely likely that these forced dreams can be displayed on the experimenters’ screens in an adjacent apartment or adjacent house, (which are made obvious to the involuntary experimentee.) Finally, among the 300 known neuro-electromagnetic experimentees, we often have strangers either tell us what we are thinking, say they can pick up our broadcast thoughts, or tell us about events inside our homes at times when they could not have seen from the outside. BUGS are not used, and they have been searched for.
TR1 http://www.raven1.net/thotuncl.htm , Commercially available thought-reading devices, both implant-style and non-implant
TR2 http://www.raven1.net/ratrobot.htm , Implanted rats can control devices with their thoughts
TR3 http://www.raven1.net/ebrain.htm , from the July 1973 issue of Popular Electronics, a system to read EEG signals (the stuff of which thought reading is made) at a distance by passing a radio signal through the human head and analyzing the passed-through signal.
TR4 http://www.raven1.net/elecvisn.htm , an article describing electronically reading a cat’s brain waves and constructing a real-time image on screen from the EEG traces
TR5 http://www.raven1.net/m_switch.htm , the text from a site describing a mind-controlled “switch”, which can not only turn appliances on or off, but also adjust controls like volume.
Electronic implants are actually one of the older forms of electronic mind control technology. Implants can either receive instructions via radio signals, passing them to the brain, or, can be interrogated via external radio signals to read brain activity at a distance. Many of the about 300 known involuntary neuro- electromagnetic experimentees do not have implants, but have an aggressive and thorough regimen of mind control effects anyway. IMPLANTS ARE STILL SIGNIFICANT, though, for these reasons:
1. Their use, since World War II and continuing to the present day, associated with MKULTRA atrocities, is a crystal clear indication that a MOTIVE POOL of unethical researchers has existed through the late 1970s. The same people, none jailed, are still working, by and large. The reader can see that the existence of the same motive pool is overwhelmingly likely, given that no social changes have occurred which would prevent that.
2. The fact that to date (autumn 1999) no victim who has had implants removed has ever been able to get custody of the removed implant shows that research programmes using implants are still quite active and obviously quite important to someone. See http://www.morethanconquerors.simplenet.com/MCF/ , the Mind Control Forum for details on involuntary experimentees’ implantation and removal experiences.
3. The use of implants shows that, in the field of involuntary human experimentation, not every perpetrator group has access to the most sophisticated (implant-less) technology. Since implants for beneficial purposes are actively being promoted by NIH, it is obvious they will not disappear any time soon.
IMP1 http://www.raven1.net/centneur.htm , an article showing that human implantation is being done and even encouraged by the U.S. NIH (National Institutes of Health). While this public information is for the public good, it is a small step to move from publicly known and VOLUNTARY implantation to CONCEALED implantation for INvoluntary and criminal purposes.
IMP2 http://www.raven1.net/italydoc.htm , a testimonial by an Italian psychiatrist who has been assisting involuntary experimentees; this doctor began by assisting [Satanic or other] ritual abuse victims. Apparently involuntary brain implantation is alive and well in Italy, why not elsewhere?
IMP3 http://www.raven1.net/telectro.htm , a project abstract by AF, awarded to perform unclassified research and development of human implants which can read both physio- and PSYCHO- parameters.
IMP4 http://www.raven1.net/stimocvr.htm , an excerpt describing human implantation for purposes of two-way communication with the brain by way of implants and FM VHF radio. Blows away any doubts that human implantation has not been done, and even more, that the U.S. military are involved.
IMP5 http://www.raven1.net/sattrack.htm , describes an unclassified human implant satellite tracking system, ostensibly for benevolent use. (No method for avoiding unethical uses is described.) Applied Digital Solutions, Inc., Palm Beach, Florida.
Conclusion? While the documentary evidence in this report does not exactly “prove” we are being targeted by intelligence/defense contractors using classified electronic weapons, it certainly eliminates the argument that such devices are impossible, don’t exist, or that government has “no interest” in them, or that the “were tried years ago but didn’t work”. Add in the experiences of victims of the Tuskegee untreated syphilis experiments, the feeding of radioactive food to uninformed U.S. citizens, and the atrocities perpetrated under the institutional/drug/child abuse phases of the CIA’s MKULTRA programmes, and you have more than enough grounds to petition for an independent, open investigation. No doubt there were citizens of ancient Pompeii who argued that Vesuvius could not possibly erupt in their lifetimes. Faced with all the evidence, no honest government can afford to take the risk that electronic mind control activity may be happening, controlled from their own “back rooms”.
If any doubts as to the importance of this issue remain, please see below what the U.S. NSA (National Security Agency) says would be the result of releasing information on electronic mind control:
UP TO THIS PAGE, THIS REPORT HAS BEEN A NARRATIVE AUTHORED BY ELEANOR WHITE. THE APPENDICES ARE A COLLECTION OF THE BEST QUALITY FACTUAL MATERIAL FROM OFFICIAL SOURCES OUTSIDE THE INVOLUNTARY ELECTROMAGNETIC EXPERIMENTEE GROUP. THIS MATERIAL MAY BE INDEPENDENTLY VERIFIED FROM REFERENCES PROVIDED.
APPENDIX PM1 … THE LIDA MACHINE
Associated Press (Exact date not shown on copy but tests took place 1982/83) Loma Linda (Veterans Hospital research unit) San Bernardino County a Soviet device that bombards brains with low- frequency (Eleanor White’s note: More likely radio frequency )carrier which is modulated or pulsed at brain-entrainment rates] radio waves may be a replacement for tranquilizers and their unwanted side effects, says a researcher, but it’s use on humans poses ethical and political questions. The machine, known as the LIDA, is on loan to the Jerry L. Pettis Memorial Veterans Hospital through a medical exchange program between the Soviet Union and the United States. Hospital researchers have found in changes behaviour in animals. “It looks as though instead of taking a valium when you want to relax yourself it would be possible to achieve a similar result, probably in a safer way, by the use of a radio field that will relax you” said Dr. Ross Adey, chief of research at the hospital. [Missing one line on the photocopy] … manual shows it being used on a human in a clinical setting, Adey said. The manual says it is a “distant pulse treating apparatus” for psychological problems, including sleeplessness, hyper- tension and neurotic disturbances. The device has not been approved for use with humans in this country, although the Russians have done so since at least 1960, Adey Said. Low frequency radio waves simulate the brain’s own electromagnetic current and produce a trance-like state. Adey said he put a cat in a box and turned on the LIDA. “Within a matter of two or three minutes it is sitting there very quietly … it stays almost as though it were transfixed” he said. The hospital’s experiment with the machine has been underway for three months and should be completed within a year, Adey said. Eleanor White’s comments (Dr. Byrd’s statement follows):
1. Heavy “fatigue attacks” are a very common experience among involuntary neuro-electromagnetic experimentees. The LIDA device could, right out of the box, be used as a fatigue attack weapon, FROM HIDING, thru non- or semi-conductive walls.
2. If the LIDA machine is tuned for tranquilizing effect, then it might also be tuned for “force awake” and other effects too. This device is a psychotronic weapon, AS IS. A TV documentary stated the Russian medical establishment considers this 1950s device obsolete. (Wonder what has taken it’s place?)
Below is a statement from Dr. Eldon Byrd, U.S. psychotronic researcher who funded Dr. Adey’s work with the LIDA machine:
“The LIDA machine was made in the 1950′s by the Soviets. The CIA purchased one through a Canadian front for Dr. Ross Adey, but didn’t give him any funds to evaluate it. “I provided those funds from my project in 1981, and he determined that the LIDA would put rabbits into a stupor at a distance and make cats go into REM. “The Soviets included a picture with the device that showed an entire auditorium full of people asleep with the LIDA on the podium. The LIDA put out an electric field, a magnetic field, light, heat, and sound (of course light and heat are electromagnetic waves, but at a much higher frequency than the low frequencies of the electric and magnetic fields mentioned above). “The purported purpose of the LIDA was for medical treatments; however, the North Koreans used it as a brain washing device during the Korean War. The big question is: what did they do with the technology? It could have been improved and/or made smaller. It is unlikely that they abandoned something that worked. “Direct communication with Ross Adey: While he was testing the LIDA 4, an electrician was walking by and asked him where he got the “North Korean brain washing machine”. Ross told him that is was a Russian medical device. “The guy said he had been brain-washed by a device like that when he was in a POW camp. They placed the vertical plates alongside his head and read questions and answers to him. He said he felt like he was in a dream. Later when the Red Cross came and asked questions, he responded with what had been read to him while under the influence of the device. He said he seemed to have no control over the answers.
“The LIDA is PATENTED IN THE US. Why? They are not sold in the US–the only one I know that exists is the one that was at Loma Linda Medical Center where Adey used to work. Eldon”
**Involuntary neuro-experimentation activist Cheryl Welsh, Davis CA, sent in this clipping from an article by Dr. Ross Adey but without complete bibliographic references: “Soviet investigators have also developed a therapeutic device utilizing low frequency square wave modulation of a radiofrequency field. This instrument known as the Lida was developed by L. Rabichev and his colleagues in Soviet Armenia, and is designed for “the treatment of neuropsychic and somatic disorders, such as neuroses, psychoses, insomnia, hypertension, stammering, bronchia asthma, and asthenic and reactive disturbances”. It is covered by U.S. Patent # 3,773,049. In addition to the pulsed RF field, the device also delivers pulsed light, pulsed sound, and pulsed heat. Each stimulus train can be independently adjusted in intensity and frequency. The radiofrequency field has a nominal carrier frequency of 40 MHz and a maximum output of approximately 40 Watts.
The E- field is applied to the patient on the sides of the neck through two disc electrodes approximately 10 cm in diameter. The electrodes are located at a distance of 2-4 cm from the skin. [Eleanor White's comment: The fact that Dr. Ross Adey mentioned an "audience" being put to sleep by the LIDA suggests that the "E-field" electrodes may not play an essential role. The radio signal appears to be the primary cause of the sleep/trance effect.] Optimal repetition frequencies are said to lie in the range from 40 to 80 pulses per minute. Pulse duration is typically 0.2 sec. In an 8 year trial period, the instrument was tested on 740 patients, including adults and children. Positive therapeutic effects were claimed in more…”
APPENDIX PM2 – FREY’S PAPER
Human Auditory System Response to Modulated Electromagnetic Energy
ALLAN H. FREY
General Electric Advanced Electronics Center Cornell University Ithaca, New York TRANSCRIPTION, Courtesy of MindNet Archives, Mike Coyle posted at http://www.morethanconquerors.simplenet.com/MCF/
Frey, Allan H., Human Auditory system response to modulated electromagnetic energy. J. Appl. Physiol. 17(4): 689-692. 1962.
(*) Asterisks indicate unreadable characters in the original copy.
NOTE: In 1962, frequencies were expressed as kiloCYCLES, megaCYCLES, etc., with abbreviations being kc, mc
–The intent of this paper is to bring a new phenomena to the attention of physiologists. Using extremely low average power densities of electromagnetic energy, the perception of sounds was induced in normal and deaf humans. The effect was induced several hundred feet from the antenna the instant the transmitter was turned on, and is a function of carrier frequency and modulation. Attempts were made to match the sounds induced by electromagnetic energy and acoustic energy. The closest match occurred when the acoustic amplifier was driven by the rf transmitter’s modulator. Peak power density is a critical factor and, with acoustic noise of approximately 80 db, a peak power density of approximately 275 mw / rf is needed to induce the perception at carrier frequencies 125 mc and 1,310 mc. The average power density can be at rf as low as 400 _u_w/cm2. The evidence for the various positive sites of the electromagnetic energy sensor are discussed and locations peripheral to the cochlea are ruled out.
Received for publication 29 September 1961.
A significant amount of research has been conducted with the effects of radio-frequency (rf) energy on organisms (electro- magnetic energy between 1 kc and ** Gc). Typically, this work has been concerned with determining damage resulting from body temperature increase. The average power densities used have been on the order of 0.1-t w/cm2 used over many minutes to several hours. In contrast, using average power densities measured in microwatts per square centimeter, we have found that ****r effects which are transient, can be induced with rf energy. Further, these effects occur the instant the transmitter is turned on. With appropriate modulation, the perception of different sounds can be induced in physically deaf, as well as normal, in human subjects at a distance of inches up to thousands of feet from the transmitter. With somewhat different transmission parameters, you can induce the perception of severe buffeting of the head, without such apparent vestibular symptoms as dizziness or nausea. Changing transmitter parameters down, one can induce a “pins-and- needles” sensation. Experimental work with these phenomena may yield information on auditory system functioning and, more generally, in the nervous system function. For example, this energy could possibly be used as a tool to explore nervous system coding, possibly using Neider and Neff’s procedures (1), and for stimulating the nervous system without the damage caused by electrodes. Since most of our data have been obtained of the “rf sound” and only the visual system has previously been shown to respond to electromagnetic energy, this paper will be concerned only with the auditory effects data. As a further restriction, only data from human subjects will be reported, since only this data can be discussed meaningfully at the present time. The long series of studies we performed to ascertain that we were dealing with a biological significant phenomena (rather than broadcasts from sources such as loose fillings in the teeth) are summarized in another paper (2), which also reports on the measuring instruments used in this work. The intent of this paper is to bring this new phenomenon to the attention of physiologists. The data reported are intended to suggest numerous lines of experimentation and indicate necessary experimental controls. Since we are dealing with a significant phenomenon, we decided to explore the effects of a wide range of transmitter parameters to build up the body of knowledge which would allow us to generate hypotheses and determine what experimental controls would be necessary. Thus, the numbers given are conservative; they should not be considered precise, since the transmitters were never located in ideal laboratory environments. Within the limits of our measurements, the orientation of the subject in the rf field was of little consequence. Most of the transmitters used to date in the experimentation have been pulse modulated with no information placed on the signal. The rf sound has been described as being a buzz, clicking, hiss, or knocking, depending on several transmitter parameters, i.e., pulse width and pulse-repetition rate (PRF). The apparent source of these sounds is localized by the subjects as being within, or immediately behind the head. The sound always seems to come from within or immediately behind the head no matter how the subjects twists or rotates in the rf field. Our early experimentation, performed using transmitters with very short square pulses and high pulse-repetition rates, seemed to indicate that we were dealing with harmonics of the PRF. However, our later work has indicated that this is not the case; rather, the rf sound appears to be incidental modulation envelope on each pulse, as shown in Fig 1.
Some difficulty was experienced when the subjects tried to match the rf sound to ordinary audio. They reported that it was not possible to satisfactorily match the rf sound to a sine wave or to white noise. An audio amplifier was connected to a variable bypass filter and pulsed by the transmitter pulsing mechanism. The subjects, when allowed to control the filter, reported a fairly satisfactory match. The subjects were fairly well satisfied with all frequencies below 5-kc audio were eliminated and the high- frequency audio was extended as much as possible. There was, however, always a demand for more high-frequency components. Since our tweeter has a rather good high-frequency response, it is possible that we have shown an analogue of visual phenomenon in which people see farther into the ultraviolet range when the lenses is eliminated from the eye. In other words, this may be a demonstration that the mechanical transmission system of the ossicles cannot respond to as high a frequency as the rest of the auditory system. Since the rf bypasses the ossicle system and the audio given the subject for matching does not, this may explain the dissatisfaction of our subjects in the matching.
FIG. 1. Oscilloscope representation of transmitter output over time (pulse-modulated).
TRANSMITTER ELECTRONIC NOISE
| | | |
| | | |
| | | |
— ————— ———–
ON OFF ON OFF
FIG. 2. Audiogram of deaf subject (otosclerosis) who had a “normal” rf sound threshold.
| | | | | | | | | | | |
0|—-|—-|—-|–|–|–|–|–|–|–|–| A = RIGHT BONE
| | A | | | | | | | | |
|—-|—-B—-A–|–|–|–|–|–|–|–| B = LEFT BONE
| | | B | A | | | | | | |
LOSS(db) 20|—-|—-|—-B–B–AB-B–B–B–AB-|–| C =
| | | | | | | A | | | |
|—-|—-|—-|–|–|–|–|–|–|–|–| D = RIGHT AIR
| | | | | | | | | | | C
| | C C C | | | | | C | |
| | D | D | | D | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | |
125 250 500 1000 2000 4000 8000
TABLE 1. Transmitter parameters
Trans- Frequency, Wave- Pulse Width, Pulses Sec.
mitter mc length, cm _u_sec
A 1,310 22.9 6 244 .0015
B 2,982 10.4 1 400 .0004
C 425 70.6 125 27 .0038
D 425 70.6 250 27 .007
E 425 70.6 500 27 .014
F 425 70.6 1000 27 .028
G 425 70.6 2000 27 .056
H 8,900 3.4 2.5 400 .001
FIG. 3. Attenuation of ambient sound with Flent antinoise stopples (collated from Zwislocki (3) and Von Gierke (4).
| | | | | | | ||| | | | |||
|—-|—|–|–|-|-|-|||—-|—|–|-||| A = FLENTS
| | | | | | | ||| | | | |||
10|—-|—|–|–|-|-|-|||—-|—|–|-||| B = THEORETICAL LIMIT
| | | | | | | ||| | | | ||| OF ATTENUATION BY
FUNCTION(db) |—-|—|–|–|-|-|-|||—-|—|–|-||| EAR
A | | | | | | ||| | | | |||
B | A A A | A AAA A| | | |||
| | | | B | | ||| | A | | |||
| | | | | | | ||| | | A |A|
| | | | | | | ||| B | | | |||
| | | | | | | ||| B | | B||
| | | | | | | ||| | B | | |||
| | | | | | | ||| | | | |||
| | | | | | | ||| | | | |||
100 1000 10000
TABLE 2. Theshold for perception of rf sound (ambient noise level 70- 90 db).
Avg Peak Peak Magnetic
Power Power Electric Field
Trans- Frequency, Duty Cy. Density, Density Field
mitter mc mw, cm2 mw, cm2 v cm turns, m
A 1,310 .0015 0.4 267 14 4
B 2,982 .0004 2.1 5,250 63 17
C 425 .0038 1.0 263 15 4
D 425 .007 1.9 271 14 4
E 425 .014 3.2 229 13 3
F 425 .028 7.1 254 14 4
FIG. 4. Threshold energy as a function of frequency
energy (ambient noise level 70-90 db).
(mw/cm2) | | | * |
| | | * |
| | | * |
| | | * |
| | | * |
| | * | |
| * * * * * * * | |
| | | |
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BRAZEN: For years, Louisville Gas & Electric (LG&E) has been illegally pouring toxic coal ash into the Ohio River, unbeknownst to neighboring communities. Now thanks to a hidden camera and satellite imagery, the utility has been caught and faces a lawsuit from Earthjustice along with huge fines. http://ow.ly/xoDMp
LG&E could be fined up to $68 million along with $37.5K for each day that goes forward until the dumping is stopped. Coal ash contains a toxic brew of pollutants, including mercury and arsenic, which can cause cancer. It’s the waste product left over from the nation’s coal-fired power plants. Here’s great information on coal ash >> http://ow.ly/xoOp4
Help SPREAD this post and TELL US >> Do you think the fines are harsh enough for LG&E’s years of illegal dumping?
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Posted by Gabe Friedman
This isn’t a great time for small Canadian mining businesses. For the past couple of years, people have worried that China’s economic problems will keep it from buying metals and minerals in big quantities, as it once did, which has lowered prices for some of those commodities. Plus, mine workers are aging and retiring, and there may not be enough younger people to replace them. The combined value of the hundred largest “junior” mining companies—the small ones focussed on exploring deposits, in contrast to “major” companies, which extract the deposits that juniors have analyzed—fell by forty-four per cent last year. As Winston Churchill said, “To improve is to change.” So a couple dozen mining companies are now trying out a sexier business: weed.
Canada started granting its first commercial permits to grow marijuana for medicinal purposes late last year. Since then, at least thirty junior mining enterprises have started diversifying into medical marijuana—“M.M.J.,” for short—or have announced plans to do so.
“As a publicly traded company, we always need a story that’s good enough to raise money on,” Jennifer Boyle, the C.E.O. of Satori Resources Inc., told me. Satori is—or has been, in any case—a gold-mining company. Now Boyle wants to get into pot. “If you can latch on to something you can probably raise money on, i.e., medical marijuana, then why not?” she said. “Because otherwise, your assets are in danger of being bought for next to nothing.”
The fact that exploratory mining and growing marijuana have little in common is, it seems, hardly important. The Papuan Precious Metals Corp.’s stock price rose from two cents to fourteen cents after it announced plans to consider agricultural projects and then hired a marijuana consultant. This month, Papuan agreed to acquire the assets of a pot dispensary in Colorado, where marijuana is now legal for anyone who is twenty-one or older. Other junior companies are experimenting with growing mediums and fertilizers, or looking to provide equipment to growers. “The reason you’re seeing the junior mining companies going to medical marijuana is because there is no money in mining,” Greg Downey, the C.F.O. of Papuan, said. “We look to where the money is going.”
The junior mining companies experimenting with marijuana are not high up in the hierarchy of mining. At the bottom level, there are prospectors, who walk hillsides and fields, kicking rocks in search of minerals and metals. One step up are the juniors: they follow up on prospectors’ finds by conducting more serious studies and sometimes even developing mining sites, with the goal of one day selling their assets to a major mining corporation. Most of the juniors that are turning to pot have market capitalizations of five million dollars or less; they represent only about one per cent of Canada’s estimated three thousand two hundred mining firms.
Major mining companies have had trouble raising capital because of falling commodities prices and a tendency toward cost overruns, which has made it even more difficult for juniors to raise money for their projects, since chances of a buyout are remote. It hasn’t helped that junior mining projects keep failing. There is also an impending labor crisis: in the next ten years, the mining industry will need to replace more than half of its workforce, as current employees retire or depart for more attractive industries. This is problematic both because companies will have to cover those former workers’ retirement benefits and because not many young people choose mining as their profession these days, according to a report by the Canadian government’s Mining Industry Human Resources Council.
The marijuana business isn’t necessarily a panacea. Marijuana remains illegal in Canada, although, since 2001, the federal regulatory agency Health Canada has let residents with a doctor’s authorization possess the plant for personal use. It also granted tens of thousands of permits to grow the drug for personal use or to grow it for someone else’s personal use. Last year, Health Canada became convinced that marijuana was being abused for recreational purposes, announced a repeal of the old growing permits, and started accepting applications for commercial-growing permits instead. (A court injunction put the repeal on hold for the moment, but Health Canada has issued thirteen of the commercial permits. It hasn’t put a cap on how many commercial permits it will grant, but it has said that it has received more than nine hundred applications.) Wagner, the consultant, said that only forty thousand Canadians or so have medical-marijuana prescriptions, a level of demand that a couple hundred growers could easily meet; even if the number of people with prescriptions grows to more than four hundred thousand by 2024, as Health Canada is forecasting, he predicts that this would create only enough customers for an additional several hundred growers. So far, none of the mining companies have been granted a commercial-growing license, although one former mining company is close to merging with a company that owns a license. Many are applying for a license or conducting medical-marijuana due diligence.
Executives at the junior mining companies gave various reasons for why they are well suited to enter the marijuana industry: Downey said that juniors are already publicly listed and therefore have immediate access to capital. Another said that his skill set is in assembling teams, whether it is geologists or pot growers. Boyle, the C.E.O. of Satori Resources Inc., pointed out that her company already has the ticker BUD, which gives it a natural leg up; even now, investors assume that the company is in the marijuana business.
Michael Dehn, the C.E.O. of Jourdan Resources Co., said that he wound up in the marijuana business by happenstance. His company owns several properties in Quebec that it wants to mine for phosphates, a component of fertilizer. It also leases office space in a strip mall in a Toronto suburb, next to a pot grower called ChroniCare Canada Corp. “One day, I was out in the parking lot talking to the guy next door, and I said to him, ‘What do you do?’ ” Dehn recalled. “He said, ‘We grow marijuana,’ and I said, ‘We make fertilizer. We should work together.’ ”
Jourdan and Satori Resources have joined together to excavate and pulverize a small amount of phosphate rock, and they’re partnering with ChroniCare to test whether it could be used to fertilize pot. If it works, the companies would together start selling fertilizer to pot growers.
“We were always going to do fertilizer, and our plan was to target corn or wheat, but we’re still five years away from that, so in the meantime we’ll receive a cash flow,” Dehn explained.
The Canadian market, however, is small. With only thirty-five million people in the country, Dehn and others said that they are thinking about export opportunities. “You kind of look at this as the prohibition period, like when Canada was smuggling alcohol to the U.S.,” he said. Dehn has never smoked pot, but he has heard good things about Canadian-grown marijuana. “For most of my life, this is where you heard the good weed was,” he said. “It’s like France—that’s where you go for champagne.”
Gabe Friedman writes about legal affairs, the environment, and business. He was a Knight-Bagehot Fellow at Columbia University and lives in New York.
Illustration by Dadu Shin.
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By Ellen Komp, Cannabis Culture – Monday, February 11 2013
CANNABIS CULTURE – In Hillary Clinton’s farewell speech as Secretary of State last week, she said, "We need a new architecture for this new world, more Frank Gehry than formal Greek."
Clinton was referring to dealing with the complexities of working with NATO, the United Nations, and world powers, and used for her example the Venice, California-based architect Frank Gehry. Gehry molded a unique style of laid-back architecture that used materials like chain-link fence in the context of the urban sprawl of LA, and is now the world-class architect of the Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles and the forthcoming Dwight D. Eisenhower memorial.
Someone who worked with Gehry in the 1980s reported him "coming out of rooms with clouds of [marijuana] smoke behind him." It wouldn’t be too surprising. Even Meghan McCain says pot smoking is everywhere in LA.
The well-entrenched drug testing industry is touting their services as the means of achieving a safe and productive workforce, even in the wake of marijuana smokers winning their rights back in Colorado and Washington.
I beg to differ.
First of all, drug testing has never been scientifically shown to be safe or effective at improving workplace safety or productivity, and studies indicate that the great majority of drug-positive workers are just as reliable as others. Medically, the consensus of expert opinion is that drug tests are an inherently unreliable indicator of drug impairment. Dr. George Lundberg of the American Medical Association has called them "Chemical McCarthyism."
Second, by pre-screening away marijuana smokers, we’re weeding out (so to speak) some of our most creative and, I would argue, productive employees. If you doubt that marijuana smokers have contributed to our society, see VeryImportantPotheads.com. In the case of someone using marijuana for medical purposes, it’s downright discrimination to deny them employment for using what a doctor has legally recommended under state law.
Silicon Valley, the brainchild of entrepreneurs like Steve Jobs and Bill Gates (who both admittedly smoked pot in their youth), notoriously does not drug test its employees, knowing they’d lose much of their talent that way. Yet the region is responsible for much of California’s economic productivity, in one of the few non-military industries the US has. Pot-friendly Hollywood is another shining example of an industry that exports instead of imports to the US, like most of our consumables.
It’s not surprising that Clinton would mention a possible pot smoker, since quite likely she was one herself and the president she worked for certainly was. Would either have benefited from a world that imprisoned or discriminated against them for their youthful or weekend indulgences? I think not.
Henry Ford’s method of sending investigators into his workers’ homes to observe their drinking habits seems outrageous today, yet employers are basically doing the same thing by demanding its workers pee in a cup on Monday to find out what they did on Friday night. Is it really their business?
There is an alternative called impairment testing that has been shown to be more effective than drug testing at assuring workers’ safety. But chemical tests are entrenched, in our political process, and with businesses and insurance companies. The more forward-thinking ideas are, so far, crushed under the Greek architecture of the old days.
Of Gehry, Clinton said, "Some of his work at first might appear haphazard, but in fact, it’s highly intentional and sophisticated. Where once a few strong columns could hold up the weight of the world, today we need a dynamic mix of materials and structures." We also need a dynamic and varied work force, one that might even look haphazard from the outside, to meet the challenges of today’s world.
Carl Sagan, one of the many productive members of society who enjoyed marijuana, said, "The illegality of cannabis is outrageous, an impediment to full utilization of a drug which helps produce the serenity and insight, sensitivity and fellowship so desperately needed in this increasingly mad and dangerous world."
It won’t do us much good to end the injustice of marijuana prohibition if only the unemployed can exercise their right to use it. And those companies who exercise drug testing have only a piss-poor workforce.
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Emery said he holds a “moral objection” against individuals who once helped imprison people for petty drug offences now profiting off the sale of marijuana.
Marc Emery’s top picks for Canadian politicians go to the Greens and NDP. But he doesn’t want you to vote for either of those parties in next year’s federal election.
“Elizabeth May and Libby Davies are two of my favourite MPs,” Emery told the Straight. “But there is a time when you have to make decisions about what’s really important, and stopping Stephen Harper and replacing his government is the ultimate priority.”
Emery was speaking from Yazoo City Prison in Mississippi, where he’s serving the final month of a five-year sentence for selling cannabis seeds. In a wide-ranging telephone interview, the so-called Prince of Pot said a voter drive will be at the centre of a cross-country tour he’s planned for the fall of 2015.
“We’ll be trying to get young people out,” Emery continued. “It’s really important to motivate them to go out and vote for the Liberal party, because they could also split the vote between the Greens and the NDP, and I really don’t want to see that happen.”
Emery’s relatively-newfound support for the Liberals is firmly rooted in his life’s work aimed at ending the prohibition of marijuana. In November 2012, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau revealed that he was a “huge supporter of decriminalization”, and that he wanted Canada to take a serious look at legalizing and regulating the drug.
Emery described Trudeau’s position as “courageous and unprecedented”.
“Normally, they all wait until they’ve retired out of politics before they advocate the legalization route,” he explained. “Justin Trudeau is the only leader of a Canadian political party with any chance of forming the government who’s ever done this. I thought it was pretty brave of him.”
Criticizing a system of prohibition
Emery didn’t have such kind words for every politician who’s made an about-face on marijuana.
In May 2014, two former high-profile B.C. politicians announced they were going to work in Canada’s booming medicinal marijuana industry. First, the province’s former top cop, Kash Heed, signed on as a security consultant for medical growers. A couple of weeks later, ex-premier Mike Harcourt took a position as chairperson of True Leaf Medicine Inc.
Emery said he holds a “moral objection” against individuals who once helped imprison people for petty drug offences now profiting off the sale of marijuana.
“While they were in charge of administrations, they busted hundreds, if not thousands of people,” he said. “They’ve never apologized for what they did….And now here our oppressors are actually taking financial advantage.”
According to Emery, the larger issue is the legitimization of the Conservative government’s Marihuana Medical Access Regulations (MMAR), and how those rules are being used to maintain a system of prohibition.
As of April 1, 2014, medicinal marijuana licence holders previously allowed to grow their own medicine were only permitted to purchase dried cannabis via mail order from large-scale producers. (The implementation of certain MMAR provisions has since been delayed by a court challenge and interim injunction.)
Emery argued this new system extends “extraordinary privilege” to a small group of corporations while “disenfranchising and marginalizing” people who grow small amounts of marijuana for private consumption.
“This whole medicinal marijuana business just reeks of hypocrisy,” Emery concluded. “Either we’re free and autonomous individuals who can put in our bodies what we want, or we’re not. This idea that there are somehow citizens with superior rights to others is ridiculous and unacceptable.”
Emery also described the MMAR as a form of cooptation. He predicted that companies with licences to grow medicinal marijuana could soon act as a “bulwark against legalization”.
“They’re not going to want to give up their special privilege,” Emery explained. “I fear that’s what the Conservatives have deliberately created.”
A cross-country tour in 2015
Emery is scheduled for release on July 10.
On that day, prison officials will turn him over to U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) ahead of his pending return to Canada. It’s unknown how long he’ll be in the custody of ICE. Emery said it could take days, weeks, or more than a month, depending on the pace at which a bureaucracy processes his case.
His return to Canada will therefore likely happen in the late summer, at the border crossing at Windsor, Ontario. From there, he’ll travel to London for a few days with family. Next up are public parties planned for Toronto and then Vancouver. Emery said he’ll then be leaving Canada for an international speaking tour and vacation with his wife, Jodie.
The couple’s itinerary includes Spain, France, Ireland, and Austria, after which they will return to Vancouver. A second trip abroad planned for 2015 is expected to take them to Jamaica, Uruguay, Argentina, and South Africa.
By that time, Canada will be preparing for the 2015 federal election, which Emery said will see him and Jodie make a 30-stop cross-country tour beginning in early September.
Asked if he was at all concerned the marijuana issue could backfire and become a liability for the federal Liberals, Emery argued that Trudeau has taken a position that has growing support from the public.
“For the first time in 40 years, the majority of Canadians are highly sympathetic to my point of view,” he said.
Emery claimed he has no plans to run for office, but stated he expects politics to still consume the majority of his time once he’s free.
“Getting rid of Stephen Harper and making sure Justin Trudeau is elected along with the Liberal party is a pretty major job,” Emery said. "Really, the only job that I’m going to have in the next year.”
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By Hannah Sentenac Thu., May 29 2014 at 7:00 AM
With medical marijuana on everyone’s lips (in more ways than one), people are buzzing about weed, hemp, cannabis, THC, CBD, and all kinds of other related terms that you might or might not understand. It’s OK — this is confusing stuff.
Leave it to Cultist to offer a little clarity about one such topic you’re probably hearing a lot about: hemp oil. From "cannamoms" to Whole Foods salespeople, lots of folks are touting the benefits of this product. But what is it, exactly, and what does it do?
So what is this stuff?
Let’s start with what hemp oil is not. It is not marijuana. It does not get people high. Both originate from the same plant, but marijuana is cultivated for the buds (which have to be carefully raised for that specific purpose). They’re also grown differently.
The oil has only trace amounts of THC, the psychotropic component in weed. Instead, it has higher concentrations of cannabidiol, or CBD, which is the medicinal boon people are all atwitter over.
"You’ll see two kinds — hemp oil drawn from the plant and hemp oil drawn from the seeds. Ours is drawn from the mature stalks of the hemp plant," says Andrew Hard, director of public relations for HempMeds, a California company whose hemp oil products are sold all over the world. The stalk and seeds don’t fall under the definition of what the U.S. government dubs marijuana, he says; that’s why the products are legal in all 50 states.
Aw, man. So it won’t get me stoned?
Sorry, man. Let’s put it this way: The medical marijuana bill that recently passed the Florida House would allow patients with cancer and conditions that result in chronic seizures or severe muscle spasms to use marijuana pills, oils, or vapors that contain 0.8 percent THC or lower and 10 percent CBD or higher. Right now, those things are illegal.
HempMeds’ Real Scientific Hemp Oil (RSHO), as a comparison, has 15.5 to 25 percent CBD by volume but only trace amounts of THC.
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Judge Henry Latham’s ruling was filed. "I’m not allowed to give proof why I was using. Now, there is no fair trial."
Since his arrest last summer, Benton Mackenzie has maintained he grew marijuana to treat terminal cancer.
Now, just days ahead of going to trial Monday on drug conspiracy charges, a Scott County District judge has ruled he won’t allow Mackenzie to use his ailment as a defense.
"I’m not allowed to mention anything," Mackenzie said Thursday, the day Judge Henry Latham’s ruling was filed. "I’m not allowed to give proof why I was using. Now, there is no fair trial."
The 48-year-old, who shared his story with the Quad-City Times last September, was diagnosed with angiosarcoma in 2011. It’s a cancer of the blood vessels, in which tumors appear as skin lesions.
He says the lesions have grown enormous since sheriff’s deputies confiscated 71 marijuana plants from his parents’ Long Grove home last summer. He needed all those plants just to be able to extract enough cannabis oil for daily treatments, he says.
Mackenzie wants to be able to tell jurors why he grew marijuana. He wants to show them pictures of his cancerous lesions.
"If I’m to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth, and the court doesn’t let me tell the truth, they’re making me a liar," he said.
Assistant Scott County Attorney Patrick McElyea, who is prosecuting Mackenzie, filed a motion earlier this month to limit any testimony regarding medical marijuana. He has declined to comment on the case.
McElyea based his motion on the 2005 Iowa Supreme Court decision in State v. Bonjour, a case similar to Mackenzie’s. Lloyd Bonjour, an AIDS patient, was convicted of growing marijuana, and the Supreme Court upheld the conviction.
Latham sided with McElyea’s motion, stating, "The court is not aware of any legislation or been provided with any legislation which provides for such defense."
The judge states he is aware Mackenzie has angiosarcoma. He also is aware Iowa lawmakers recently legalized oil concentrated with cannabidiol, or CBD, with "specific restrictions."
The pending law, expected to be signed today by Gov. Terry Branstad, only applies to those suffering severe epileptic seizures.
Mackenzie says he thinks state government is the "bigger criminal," because it’s practicing medicine without a license in deciding who can and who cannot possess medical marijuana.
"At least the state is now recognizing, with a law, that marijuana has medicinal value," he said, adding his plants were from a strain rich in CBD, which in other states is associated more with medical use than recreational use.
Without the medical necessity defense, Mackenzie said his fate is "completely in the Lord’s hands."
Sitting through several hours of hearings over the past 11 months has been hard enough on someone with lesions covering his legs and rear, he says. He can’t imagine sitting through an entire trial, which is scheduled to begin Monday with jury selection.
He says he may show up to court wearing a kilt, so jurors can see for themselves. But he wouldn’t want his lesions oozing and bleeding all over the courtroom furniture.
"That shows how much of a criminal I’m not," he said.
At one point during a phone conversation with a reporter Thursday afternoon, he reacted because one of his larger lesions opened up and bled onto the chair and floor at home, he said.
"I’m sitting in a pile of blood," he said a moment later.
He wants to request a nurse or a medical provider be allowed to sit in the courtroom with him. He says the judge is allowing breaks, but he expects he’ll have to take a break every few minutes just to replace the large, disposable underpad for furniture.
He anticipates that with his failing health and the number of co-defendants, the trial will come across as a "circus."
Mackenzie is charged with felony drug possession along with his wife, Loretta Mackenzie. His 73-year-old parents, Dorothy and Charles Mackenzie, are charged with hosting a drug house, and his son, Cody, is charged with misdemeanor possession. His childhood friend, Stephen Bloomer, also is charged in the drug conspiracy.
All six defendants are being represented by a different attorney.
Lately, Mackenzie’s health has been "touch and go," he says, with episodes of vomiting, cold sweats and extreme pain. He almost always feels tired.
He raised enough money from family and friends to travel twice this spring to Oregon, which has legalized medical marijuana.
Each trip was a week long. During the first trip, he met with a physician, who approved him for a state medical marijuana identification card. On the second trip, he was able to purchase oil in an amount equivalent to a pound and a half of marijuana, which he couldn’t by law bring back to Iowa.
The little bit of relief is nothing compared to the daily treatments prior to his arrest, when he was shrinking his skin lesions, he said. He claims the oil in Oregon also stopped the growth of the lesions, but only temporarily.
Mackenzie said he hopes jurors will show compassion in deciding his future.
"No matter what, if I’m found guilty, I’ll do at least three years in prison, which is a death sentence for me," he said. "If I’m found guilty at all, I’m a dead man. I’m lucky I’m not dead already."
Copyright 2014 The Quad-City Times. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Benton Mackenzie, Iowa, Henry Latham, Medical Cannabis, Cannabidiol, Cannabis, Iowa Supreme Court, Mackenzie, Patrick Mcelyea, Cannabis Oil, Lloyd Bonjour, Legalized Oil, Cancer, Marijuana, Medical Marijuana
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June 3, 2014
Documents buried deep in tobacco company archives reveal a hope and a plan to sell marijuana as soon as legally possible
Tobacco executives anticipated the legalization of marijuana as early as the 1970′s — and they wanted a piece of the action, according to newly discovered documents from tobacco company archives.
Public health researchers scanned 80 million pages of digitized company documents for keywords such as, “marijuana,” “cannabis,” “reefer,” “weed,” “spliffs,” and “blunts.” The results, published Tuesday in the Milbank Quarterly, reveal a long history of maneuvers toward marijuana-laced products.
“The starting point must be to learn how to produce in quantity cigarettes loaded uniformly with a known amount of either ground cannabis or dried and cut cannabis rag,” read one memorandum from British American Tobacco’s adviser on technical research, Charles Ellis.
A hand-written letter from Philip Morris president George Weissman read, “While I am opposed to its use, I recognize that it may be legalized in the near future…Thus, with these great auspices, we should be in a position to examine: 1. A potential competition, 2. A possible product, 3. At this time, cooperate with the government.”
Philip Morris even went so far as to request a marijuana sample from the Department of Justice for research purposes, promising to share its findings with the government so long as the company’s involvement remained strictly confidential. “We request that there be no publicity whatsoever,” wrote a Philip Morris executive. The Justice Department drug science’s chief Milton Joffee obliged with a promise to deliver “good quality” marijuana.
While tobacco executives missed the mark on legalization by several decades, they did lay out a persuasive case for vigilance. In early 1970, an unsigned memorandum distributed to Philip Morris’ top management read, “We are in the business of relaxing people who are tense and providing a pick up for people who are bored or depressed. The human needs that our product fills will not go away. Thus, the only real threat to our business is that society will find other means of satisfying these needs.”
The study authors said the documents provide proof of tobacco companies’ intent to enter the marijuana trade, despite their claims to the contrary. They urged policymakers to prevent tobacco makers from entering the nascent market for legal marijuana “in a way that would replicate the smoking epidemic, which kills 480,000 Americans each year.”
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Report on America as a Prison Nation, More Criticism of War on Drugs – TalkLeft: The Politics Of Crime
Human Rights Watch has a new report, A Nation Behind Bars, with facts on the current state of our prison nation and recommendations to reduce our over-reliance on incarceration.
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For the third time in as many months, leading Kentucky politicians find themselves addressing cockfighting.
A new federal case brings questions about the bloodsport to a top state Democratic lawmaker and puts the practice back into conversations about the U.S. Senate race.
Federal authorities filed charges against three Eastern Kentucky residents this week in a massive cockfighting ring run out of the Big Blue Sportsman’s Club in McDowell, Ky.
Walter Dale Stumbo, 51, Sonya Stumbo, 51, and Joshua Stumbo, 25, are accused of running one of the country’s largest cockfighting operations, generating an estimated $1 million in revenue.
The three alleged operators of Big Blue are “distant cousins” of Democratic state House Speaker Greg Stumbo, according to the speaker’s office. The three other Stumbos have allegedly alluded to having Greg Stumbo’s support to legalize the practice, though he denies this.
Cockfighting is a misdemeanor in Kentucky, but changes to the national farm bill earlier this year have made it a federal felony to attend such events. In an affidavit included in the court file, Walter Dale Stumbo alleged to a federal investigator that he had talked with the speaker about changing the federal law.
“I never comment on pending litigation, but I do want to say that, as a state legislator, I have no say in federal legislation,” Greg Stumbo said in a statement to WFPL.
The investigator, according to the affidavit, alleges that Big Blue was a sophisticated operation involving illegal gambling along with the distribution and use of illegal drugs. It provided professionally-made ID cards for patrons, printed cards with schedules for upcoming cockfights, and a database operated with the names of approximately 6,000 registered participants, the document said.
Federal authorities also allege in the affidavit that people at the center of the cockfighting ring believed likely Democratic U.S. Senate nominee Alison Lundergan Grimes was a silent supporter of their legalization effort.
In the affidavit, a U.S. Department of Agriculture agent alleged that Walter Dale Stumbo addressed a crowd attending a fowl contest on April 4. According to the agent’s written oath, Walter Dale Stumbo said there “were people in Kentucky government that were changing the federal law.” According to the affidavit, Walter Stumbo said those leaders couldn’t publicly favor such a proposal, but he later “mentioned Alison Grimes and Greg Stumbo by name.”
The Grimes campaign declined to make their candidate available for an interview and did not respond to our questions regarding this story. But in a statement Grimes campaign spokeswoman Charly Norton said: “Alison was an early advocate for the farm bill that cracked down on this practice and called for (Sen.) Mitch McConnell to support this measure well before he did.”
This isn’t the first time a Senate candidate has had to discuss cockfighting. In fact, with Grimes’ response, every leading candidate in the race has now confronted the issue.
In February, cockfighting enthusiasts took McConnell to task for backing the farm bill and the associated penalties for cockfighting.
The president of the United Gamefowl Breeders Association told the Lexington Herald Leader it would “destroy” McConnell. During a stop in Eastern Kentucky, supporters confronted McConnell directly and many suggested supporting the senator’s primary opponent Matt Bevin.
A month later, Bevin appeared at a cockfighting rally where he said criminalizing it was wrongheaded. This despite repeated claims by Bevin to reporters that he was against the practice and never discussed it during the March 29 event.
“What you’re seeing is a willingness by Sen. McConnell’s political opponents to basically try to embrace something privately that they won’t embrace publicly,” said senior McConnell campaign adviser Josh Holmes.
An official with the Grimes campaign has told WFPL Grimes has never had a conversation “with anyone about cockfighting.”
But McConnell’s team said the pattern is troubling.
“I’m not ready to stand here and say Alison Lundergan Grimes has gone to the head of the cockfighting community and said she is willing to repeal the provision,” Holmes said. “But what we are saying is that somebody did. I don’t think this individual—who’s now been indicted—would just somehow surface a U.S. Senate candidate’s name out of the blue.”
“All of this started happening about the time that the Herald-Leader published a story about the irritation of some cockfighting enthusiasts with Sen. McConnell about the passage of the farm bill.”
Greg Stumbo lives in Prestonsburg, which is in the same Eastern Kentucky county as McDowell.
In an interview Wednesday, Greg Stumbo—who is a political ally of Grimes’—said he had spoken with Walter Dale Stumbo’s brother about the federal farm bill, and stressed that it would make cockfighting a felony and that he couldn’t do anything about it.
The speaker denied discussing the issue with Grimes, laughing it off.
Four years ago, however, Greg Stumbo was much cozier with the controversial practice and said he did not believe cockfighting should be illegal.
It didn’t compare to dog fighting, he said, because people “don’t eat a dog in a Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant.” And many “people argue that it’s a tradition in our country—dates back to Thomas Jefferson and George Washington.”
But with cockfighting becoming an increasing political liability due to the farm bill, Greg Stumbo told WFPL on Wednesday he hasn’t attended such an event in about 35 years. He added that he was surprised to read about the allegations of drugs and the Kentucky ring’s connections with Mexican drug gangs.
“And as an elected official, I have not and would not participate in any way form or fashion an activity that is criminal in nature,” he said.
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LOUISVILLE, Ky. —Kentucky has seven lakes suspected of having excessive levels of toxic algae, but state officials aren’t revealing which bodies of water are being targeted for a second round of tests.
Kentucky environmental regulators are drawing water from the lakes for a second time for more rigorous laboratory analysis after initial samples showed concentrations of blue-green algae worthy of health advisories.
Kentucky Division of Water official Clark Dorman said the lakes involved in the most recent advisory aren’t run by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Five Corps-run lakes were the subject of a recent advisory.
Even though the state’s initial tests suggested health risks to the public, dogs and farm animals, state officials are declining to identify those water bodies.
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Weapons armed with the same nerve gas used on Syrian citizens last month sit in grass-topped concrete bunkers at an Army depot in Kentucky, 20 years after the U.S. government promised to destroy them.
http://bloom.bg/18HxcNm VIDEO LINK
Canisters of GB gas, commonly known as Sarin, are shown at the Blue Grass Army Depot in Richmond, Ky., in this Sept. 6, 2001 file photo. Photographer: Nancy Taggart/The Richmond Register via AP Photo
Sept. 19 (Bloomberg) — Secretary of State John Kerry speaks about United Nations and U.S. reports showing chemical weapons were used in Syria. Kerry, speaking in Washington, says the UN Security Council "must be prepared to act next week" to pass a resolution requiring President Bashar al-Assad’s regime to abide by terms of the U.S.-Russian agreement on the elimination of Syria’s chemical weapons. (Source: Bloomberg)
The bunkers, in a field at the Blue Grass Army Depot in Richmond, house rockets and other artillery holding 523 tons of the nerve agents VX and sarin in addition to flesh-blistering mustard gas. A partnership including San Francisco-based Bechtel National Inc. is building a plant to destroy them. It will open seven years from now and will dispose of the last weapon there three years later.
This week, as international monitors learn the size and makeup of the chemical weapons stockpile Syria has pledged to destroy by next year, the Blue Grass stash stands as a warning: Safe destruction of chemical weapons isn’t easy.
- Securing Syria Toxic Weapons Confronts Months of Hurdles
- Assad Pledges Quick Moves on Chemical Weapons Elimination
Syria’s promised pace would be ambitious even in a country without a civil war, said Michael Kuhlman, chief scientist for national security at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio which is working on the Blue Grass project 30 miles south of Lexington, home of the University of Kentucky.
“I found the time frame for Syria surprising,” Kuhlman said in an interview. ‘They are presumably starting from scratch in terms of destruction capability and the security situation there certainly isn’t going to expedite matters.’’
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad affirmed his intentions in a Sept. 18 televised interview with Fox News. He said he would dispose of the weapons in about a year, with the guidance of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, based in the Hague, Netherlands. The group enforces the international chemical weapons treaty that Syria joined last week. The U.S. joined the accord in 1993.
Assad said he understood the destruction process is complicated and he’s been told it will cost about $1 billion.
The Syrian project’s speed will hinge on how much of its chemical agents are already inside weapons, as they are in Kentucky. The job is easier if they aren’t, Kuhlman said.
It will also depend on how the nation disposes of them. After the first Gulf War ended in 1991, Iraq burned its chemical weapons in a ditch. The U.S. imposes environmental discharge rules, and destruction of the Blue Grass weapons was delayed in large part because local residents opposed incinerating them and Congress forced the Defense Department to find another way.
The U.S. chemical weapons stockpile contained more than 30,000 tons of lethal chemicals when the country signed the international Chemical Weapons Convention in 1993, agreeing to destroy all of the weapons by last year. By comparison, Syria is estimated to have about 1,000 tons, Kuhlman said.
The U.S. chemical agents were stored at depots in Maryland, Arkansas, Utah, Indiana, Alabama, Colorado and Johnson Atoll, a territorial island in the South Pacific, in addition to the 14,500-acre Blue Grass site.
The Defense Department had been experimenting with ways of destroying the weapons before the U.S. signed the treaty, including dumping some of them at sea. In 1984, the Pentagon and the National Research Council, an arm of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, endorsed incineration as the best method.
That, too, is a slow process, said Kuhlman. Construction on an incinerator at Deseret Chemical Depot in Utah, which held 45 percent of the nation’s chemical weapons stockpile, started in 1989. Testing began in 1994, and it became operational in 1996, he said. It took two years to destroy a supply of nerve-agent weapons that was similar to the size of Syria’s estimated stockpile. The entire Utah project took 15 years.
The U.S. met the treaty deadline at seven of nine sites, destroying 90 percent of its chemical stockpile. Most of the work was completed within the past few years.
The Blue Grass depot and a second depot near Pueblo, Colorado are the two left with chemical arsenals.
The cost of the entire disposal process, once completed, is estimated to be $35 billion, $10.6 billion of which will be spent in Kentucky and Colorado, according to Defense Department spokeswoman Jennifer Elzea and the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives website, the agency responsible for destroying the weapons at the remaining depots.
The Colorado site has 2,600 tons of mustard gas inside more than 800,000 weapons. The 523 tons of mustard gas and nerve agents in Kentucky are inside 101,000 weapons, according to Craig Williams, 65, who is co-chairman of the Chemical Destruction Citizens Advisory Board for the Blue Grass project.
The Kentucky site has been storing mustard gas for years. The first shipment of nerve-agent rockets arrived in 1961, said Lloyd Anglin, of Berea, who worked on the depot’s engineering staff at the time.
The rockets came in a locked boxcar, which sat on a railroad spur for four days under armed guard as the engineering team rushed to build a facility “to unload whatever it was,” said Anglin, now 90. “The armed guards were there 24-7. Nobody knew what it was except the brass.”
The shipments arrived regularly after that and the team learned that they contained agents that would kill on contact. Anglin helped seal some of the rockets in concrete-filled caskets, which were then put on a ship in Wilmington, North Carolina and dropped into the Atlantic Ocean. Most stayed in the earth under grass-topped, domed concrete bunkers called igloos, which are laid out in a widely spaced grid. Deer grazed there and some died, Anglin said, if they ate too close to a monitor vent at a bunker with “leakers.” Security fencing around the area has since been improved.
A bunny hutch housed a critical part of the monitoring system. A trio of rabbits spent the night in any bunker scheduled for human inspection, which went forward if they survived.
“I would put one in the back, one in the center and one in the front, then leave them there overnight,” Anglin said. “The next day, if the rabbits were OK, we’d go in. Once in a while, you’d get a dead rabbit,” Anglin said.
The government no longer uses animals as air monitors, Elzea said in an e-mail.
Most depot neighbors knew nothing of the weapons. They learned of their existence after the Defense Department announced plans to incinerate the deadly chemicals in 1984, according to Williams, 65, the advisory board member.
Convinced that burning them could spread contaminants accidentally, the community fought with the Army for the next 12 years. Houses and a school were a little more than a mile from the depot site, Williams said: “It’s not like we’re in the middle of the desert here.”
The fight ended in 1996 when Congress passed a law requiring the Pentagon to investigate alternative technologies. Williams blames the Defense Department for the delay. “They decided how they were going to do it without consulting with the community,” he said.
Alternative disposal technologies now are on track to be used at both the Kentucky and Colorado depots.
In Colorado, a factory that will destroy the mustard gas arsenal will be complete in 2015, and the last weapons will be annihilated in 2019.
In Kentucky, the partnership of Bechtel National and Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group Inc., of Pasadena, California, is building a robotized plant that will separate the chemicals from the weapons, then turn them into water, carbon dioxide and salts, using a combination of heat, water, caustics and pressure. The last weapon will be gone in 2023.
To contact the reporter on this story: Margaret Newkirk in Atlanta, Georgia at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Stephen Merelman at email@example.com
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