I added a few links with to my latest post on my political website, here and there and at the end scroll down to this post:

Negro boy Jim and Native American Indian history.
Piscataway Indian Nation, United States ( Maryland)
once were the most populous and powerful Natives
of the Chesapeake Bay region.

They spoke Algonquian Piscataway.

Piscataway descendants received Maryland state recognition
as Native American tribes in 2012, from Governor Martin O’Malley
for the Piscataway Indian Nation and Tayac Territory,
and the Piscataway Conoy Tribe of Maryland, including the Piscataway Conoy Confederacy and Sub-Tribes and the Cedarville Band of Piscataway Indians.


The Piscataway by 1600 were on primarily the north bank of the
Potomac River according to Captain John Smith’s 1608 map.
When the English began to colonize what is now Maryland in 1634,
the Tayac, Kittamaquund, managed to turn the newcomers into allies.
He had come to power that year after killing his brother Wannas,
the former Tayac.

His only daughter Mary Kittamaquund became a ward of the
English governor and his sister-in-law, colonist Margaret Brent,
and saw to the girl’s education, including learning English.
At a young age, Mary Kittamaquund married the much older
English colonist Giles Brent, one of Margaret’s brothers.
After trying to claim Piscataway territory upon her father’s death,
the couple moved south across the Potomac to establish a trading post and live at Aquia Creek in present-day Stafford County, Virginia.
They were said to have had three or four children together.
Once the English began to develop a stronger colony, they turned against the Piscataway and the Maryland Colony continued to compete for control of Piscataway land.

Most of the surviving tribe migrated north in the late eighteenth century and were last noted in the historical record in 1793 at Detroit, following the American Revolutionary War, when the United States gained independence.  They formed unions with others in the area, including European indentured servants
and free or enslaved Africans.

The Piscataway descendants settled into rural farm life
and were classified as free people of color, but some kept Native American cultural traditions.

For years the United States censuses did not have
separate categories for Indians. Especially in the slave states,
all free people of color were classified together as black,
in the hypo descent classification resulting from the racial caste of slavery.

The Maryland Colony dissolved the Indian reservations in the 18th century. In the 19th century, census enumerators classified most of the Piscataway individuals as "free people of color", "Free Negro" or "mulatto" on state and federal census records, largely because of their intermarriage with blacks and Europeans.

The dramatic drop in Native American populations due to infectious disease and warfare, plus a racial segregation based on slavery, led to a binary view of race in the former colony. By contrast, Catholic parish records in Maryland and some ethnographic reports accepted Piscataway self-identification and continuity of culture as Indians, regardless of mixed ancestry.

Although a few families identified as Piscataway by the early 20th century, prevailing racial attitudes during the late 19th century, and imposition of Jim Crow policies, over-determined official classification of minority groups of color as black. In the 20th century, Virginia and other southern states passed laws to enforce the "one-drop rule",  classifying anyone with a discernible amount of African ancestry as "negro", "mulatto", or "black".

In Virginia, Walter Plecker, Registrar of Statistics, ordered records
to be changed so that members of Indian families were recorded as black, resulting in Indian families losing their ethnic identification.

In 1996 the Maryland Commission on Indian Affairs (MCIA) suggested granting state recognition to the Piscataway Conoy Confederacy and Subtribes.  Critics were concerned about some of the development interests that backed the Piscataway Conoy campaign, and feared gaming interests.  (Since the late twentieth century, many recognized tribes have established casinos and gaming entertainment on their reservations to raise revenues.)
Gov. Parris Glendening, who was opposed to gambling, denied the tribe’s request.  In 2004, Governor Bob Ehrlich also denied the Piscataway Conoy’s renewed attempt for state recognition, stating that they failed to prove that they were descendants of the historical Piscataway Indians, as required by state law.

In December 2011, the Maryland Commission on Indian Affairs stated that the Piscataway had provided adequate documentation of their history and recommended recognition.  On January 9, 2012, Gov. Martin O’Malley issued executive orders recognizing all three Piscataway groups as Native American tribes.

As part of the agreement that led to recognition, the tribes renounced any plans to launch gambling enterprises, and the executive orders state that the tribes do not grant any special "gambling privileges".


*Richard Brent of Goucestershire, England (1573-1652) got married in 1594 to Elizabeth Reed.
*Their son, Giles Brent, Sr. (1606-1671) got married in 1644 to Mary Kittamaqund (1633-1655).
*Mary Kittamagund’s father died in 1639, and he was "Uwanno" and the "Emperor" of the Native Indian Tribe, Kittamagundi.
*Giles Brent, Sr. and Mary Kittamagund had a daughter,
*Katherine Brent who got married to Richard Marsham.
*Katherine died in 1713.
If Katherine’s mother was really Mary Kittamagund,
then Katherine was one-half (1/2) full blooded Native American Indian.
*Other sources say that Giles and Mary Kittamaqund
had 6 children, of whom four lived:
*Mary – married an Englishman named John Fitzherbert,
and *Giles, *Richard and *Katherine
(Henry and Margaret died young.)
*Katherine married Richard Marsham.
*Other sources state that Katherine was a daughter of Edmond Brent
and the niece of Giles Brent, Sr.

*If that were true, Cris Ericson would have no Native American Indian bloodline, but the majority of sources confirm that Katherine is the daughter of Giles Brent, Sr. and Mary Kittamaquund.
There are various spellings of Kittamaquund or Kittamagund. Remember, the Native American Indians did not use our alphabet, these spellings are based on how the settlers decided to spell out what they heard the Native American Indians pronouncing.

*Katherine Brent and Richard Marsham’s daughter,
Sarah Marsham (12) married Basil Waring of Calvert County, Maryland
*Sarah Marsham is presumed to be one-fourth (1/4) full blooded
Native American Indian.
*Sarah Marsham and Basil Waring had a son,
*Basil Waring
(1683 born Calvert County, Maryland -1734 died Prince George’s County, Maryland)
*and he married Martha Greenfield (she died 1758 Queen Anne County).
*Basil Waring is presumed to be one-eighth (1/8) full blooded
Native American Indian.
*Basil Waring and Martha Greenfield had a daughter Martha Waring,
who married Charles Burgess (he died in 1740).
*Martha Waring is presumed to be one-sixteenth (1/16)
full blooded Native American Indian.
*Martha Waring and Charles Burgess had a daughter,
Ann Burgess (she died in 1806) and she married James Haddock Smith.
*Ann Burgess is presumed to be one-thirtysecond (1/32)
full blooded Native American Indian, and she married
a man, James Haddock Smith, who owned negro slaves.
James Haddock Smith left his negro slaves in his
last Will and Testament to his children,
who are presumed to be one-sixtyfourth (1/64) full blooded
Native American Indian.
*James Haddock Smith was born in 1710 in Prince George’s County, Maryland.
*Ann Burgess and James Haddock Smith had a daughter,
Martha Smith (1756-1843).
*Martha Smith and her siblings and presumed to be one-sixtyfourth (1/64) full blooded Native American Indian.
*Martha Smith married in 1778 to William Nicholls (1744 – 1792 Prince George’s County, Maryland).
*Martha Smith and William Nicholls had a daughter,
*Ann Nichols (1774 born Prince George’s County, Maryland – died 1844 Shelby County, Kentucky)
In 1793 Ann Nicholls married Joseph Clark (1760 born Prince George’s County, Maryland – died 1822 Shelby County, Kentucky)
Ann Nicholls and Joseph Clark had a son named
Willet Nichols Clark (born 1819 Shelby County, Kentucky – 1871).
1848 Willett Nichols Clark married Elizabeth Jane Saunders (1829-1914).
Willett Nichols Clark and Elizabeth Jane Saunders had a daughter, Lucinda Clark (1849-1878).

Soon after Lucinda Clark was born, the Civil War began.

They lived on the "Hemp Lawn Farm" on the Benson Pike in
Shelbyville, Kentucky

There is a family graveyard on the farm and in it are buried Confederate Soldiers, family members and negro slaves. The family members are blood relatives of 2016 political candidate,

Cris Ericson, of Vermont.

U.S. Marijuana Party

*In 1870 Lucinda Clark married William Robert Magruder (1840-1930)
Lucinda Clark and William Robert Magruder had a daughter,
Mary Elizabeth Magruder (1873-1958)
Slavery was outlawed during the lifetime of
Mary Elizabeth Magruder (1873-1958), who is the
great-great grandmother of 2012 political candidate,
Cris Ericson.

This proves that a huge change can occur in a person’s lifetime.

*Mary Elizabeth Magruder married Larse Ericson who immigrated
to the United States from Sweden (1854-1915).
*Mary Elizabeth Magruder and Larse Ericson had a son,
George Robert Ericson born in 1898, less than 50 years from
when slavery used to be legal in the United States of America,
and they still lived on the Hemp Lawn Farm on the Benson Pike
in Shelbyville, Kentucky – but with no more slaves.

George Robert Ericson is the grandfather of
2016 political candidate, Cris Ericson,
who is running for United States Senator for Vermont
and for Governor of Vermont 2016,
for the United States Marijuana Party, in Vermont.

Slavery, marijuana and hemp were all outlawed.
Cris Ericson wants to make marijuana and hemp
legal again.
There have always been various types of slavery
throughout human history.
When a genetically modified seed company, such as
Monsanto, owns the patents to seeds, how many
years will it take before they own most of the food
in the world, and we feel like slaves to them?
When bio-engineering companies claim patents
to human DNA strains, how soon will it be
before we feel like slaves to them when we need
a medical procedure requiring our own DNA that
they claim they own the patent for?

Cris Ericson campaigns to legalize marijuana as
a symbol of our lost freedom and as a symbol that
we must be eternally vigilant to keep from losing
more of our precious freedom.

2016 Vote for Cris Ericson
U.S. Marijuana Party

In 2012 Cris Ericson wore a family heirloom
"arrowhead" (Spear) around her neck on a
televised political candidate debate, with a
leather pouch and a Bear’s tooth inside of it.

One Reply to “CRIS ERICSON, VERMONT, 2016”

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